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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 2011.06预测写作【2】_090911NA_

2011.06预测写作【2】_090911NA_
发布时间:2013-01-10 作者:昂立 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

u  Integrated writing task:

Topic discussed

existence of the Babylon Garden

Notes

Reading:

Main point: Babylon Garden did not exist.

Key point 1: The government wouldn’t spend so much money on this valueless garden.

Key point 2: People in the past didn’t master the techniques to build the garden.

Key point 3: No obvious evidence

Lecture:

Main idea: Babylon Garden existed.

Key point 1: The king was very rich.

Key point 2: Skilled workers know how to draw water uphill.

Key point 3: The war destroyed the garden into pieces.

Glossary

Babylon【历史】(巴比伦王国和迦勒底王国的首都)巴比伦

Queen Semiramis 希腊传说中的巴比伦女王,希罗多德和狄奥多罗斯的著作中都曾提到过,据说她曾在巴比伦城附近的平原上修建了相当壮观的河堤。

Nebuchadnezzar II 尼布甲尼撒二世是巴比伦国王,统治期大约43年(前605-562)。他最著名的事迹是其一系列军事征服和对巴比伦城的重建。尼布甲尼撒二世还因圣经记载他征服犹太王国并迫使以色列人迁往巴比伦而闻名世界。

Amytis of Media (c. 630 - 565 BC) king Cyaxares的女儿, Nebuchadnezzar II的妻子。

Berossus 巴比伦祭司历史家贝罗索斯(公元前三世纪前期)。他写过一部关於巴比伦历史和文化的著作,向希腊人介绍巴比伦的来源。

Assyria 【历史】亚述(西南亚洲底格里斯河流域古代奴隶制国家)[亦作 AssurAshur]

Tigris底格里斯河是中东名河,与位于其西面的幼发拉底河共同界定美索不达米亚,源自土耳其安纳托利亚的山区,流经伊拉克,最后与幼发拉底河合流成为阿拉伯河注入波斯湾。伊拉克首都巴格达正位于底格里斯河西岸。

Seven Wonders古代文明七大奇迹(The Seven Wonders of The Ancient World)

1)埃及吉萨金字塔The Great Pyramid of Giza 2500 BC Approximate - Egyptians

2奥林匹亚宙斯巨像 Statue of Zeus at Olympic 435 BC - Greeks - Destroyed Fire

3)阿尔忒弥斯神殿 Temple of Artemis at Ephesus 550 BC - Anatolians - Destroyed Fire 356 BC

4)摩索拉斯基陵墓 Mausoleum of Halicarnassus 315 BC - Hellenized Carians - Destroyed Earthquake

5)亚历山大灯塔 Lighthouse of Alexandria 3rd Century BC - Hellenistic Civilization - Destroyed Earthquake

6)巴比伦空中花园 Hanging Gardens of Babylon 600 BC - Babylonians - Destroyed Earthquake

7罗德岛巨像Colossus of Rhodes 292-280 BC - Hellenistic Civilization - Destroyed 224 BC Earthquake

据旅行家说:七大奇观乃是他亲眼所见,永难磨灭。这就为世纪初所谓七大奇迹的由来。

Sennacherib king of Assyria who invaded Judea twice and defeated Babylon and rebuilt Nineveh after it had been destroyed by Babylonians (died in 681 BC)

Nineveh Nineveh

【历史学】尼尼微(古代东方国家亚述的首都)an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris across from the modern city of Mosul in the northern part of what is now known as Iraq

Sample writing

Both the reading passage and the lecture focus on the existence of Babylon Garden. According to the author, evidence has been found to prove its existence. The lecturer, however, holds the opposite view, challenging the argument made in the reading passage.

The first point mentioned by the author to support the argument is no one would waste such an amount of money on this garden which had little value. On the other hand, the lecturer refutes this by saying that the king of this country was super rich that the money for him was only a little. Thus, it is reasonable to suppose that it was the king that built the garden.

Moreover, the author talked about the fact that people in the past had no modern techniques to build such complicated garden, since it was on the top of the hill. The lecturer casts doubt on this idea by saying that they were smart enough to draw water uphill and their wisdom is beyond our imagination.

In addition, the author points out that no evidence was found to support the existence of Babylon Garden. The lecturer challenges the idea by saying that wars broke out often during that period. Evidence was all destroyed in the war.

To sum up, the author contends that hanging Babylon Garden did not exist at all. However, the lecture deeply believes that the Garden was built in that period..(235 words)

Supplementary readings

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered to be one of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They were built in the ancient city-state of Babylon, near present-day Al Hillah, Babil, in Iraq. They are sometimes called the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis (in reference to the legendary Queen Semiramis).

The gardens were supposedly built by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his homesick wife, Amytis of Media, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland. The gardens were destroyed by several earthquakes after the 2nd century BC.

The lush Hanging Gardens are extensively documented by Greek historians such as Strabo and Diodorus Siculus. Through the ages, the location may have been confused with gardens that existed at Nineveh, since tablets from there clearly show gardens. Writings on these tablets describe the possible use of something similar to an Archimedes screw as a process of raising the water to the required height. Nebuchadnezzar II also used massive slabs of stone, which was unheard of in Babylon, to prevent the water from eroding the ground.

There is some controversy as to whether the Hanging Gardens were an actual creation or a poetic creation owing to the lack of documentation of them in the chronicles of Babylonian history. In ancient writings the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were first described by Berossus, a Babylonian priest who lived in the late 4th century BC. These accounts were later elaborated on by Greek historians.

A more recent theory proposes that the gardens were actually constructed under the orders of Sennacherib, who took the throne of Assyria in 705 BC, reigning until 681 BC. During new studies of the location of Nineveh (Located on the eastern bank of the Tigris in ancient Assyria) his gardens were placed close to the entrance of his palace, on the bank of the river Tigris. It is possible that in the intervening centuries, the two sites became confused, and the hanging gardens were attributed to Babylon.

 

u  Independent writing task:

Essay question

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Only movies that can teach us something about real life worth watching.

Brainstorming

Non-fiction movie

þ  Gain life experience

þ  Learn realities

þ  Avoid mistakes

þ  More touching

Fiction movie

þ  For relaxing

þ  Exercise imagination

þ  Experience different lifestyles

þ  A way to enrich life

Words & expressions

Comedy n.

1. light and humorous drama with a happy ending

2. a comic incident or series of incidents

Fascinating adj.

1. capable of arousing and holding the attention

a fascinating story

2. capturing interest as if by a spell

a fascinating woman

Rigorous

adj.

1. rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a standard

rigorous application of the law

2. demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

rigorous discipline

A visual feast 视觉盛宴

The Brooklyn Museum is serving up a rich visual feast in which known and unknown Indian artists and artisans, working in a wide variety of materials from the early 19th century to today, expand our understanding of American art.

Illumination n.

1. a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination

2. the degree of visibility of your environment

3. an interpretation that removes obstacles to understanding

4. the luminous flux incident on a unit area

5. painting or drawing included in a book (especially in illuminated medieval manuscripts)

Scene n.

1. the place where some action occurs

the police returned to the scene of the crime

2. an incident (real or imaginary)

their parting was a sad scene

3. the visual percept of a region

4. a consecutive series of pictures that constitutes a unit of action in a film

5. a situation treated as an observable object

the religious scene in England has changed in the last century

Sweeping n.

the act of cleaning with a broom

adj.

1. taking in or moving over (or as if over) a wide area; often used in combination

a sweeping glance a wide-sweeping view of the river

2. ignoring distinctions

sweeping generalizations

Blockbuster n.

1. a large bomb used to demolish extensive areas (as a city block)

2. an unusually successful hit with widespread popularity and huge sales (especially a movie or play or recording or novel)

Suspense n.

1. apprehension about what is going to happen

2. an uncertain cognitive state

the matter remained in suspense for several years

3. excited anticipation of an approaching climax

the play kept the audience in suspense

Review n.

1. a new appraisal or evaluation

2. an essay or article that gives a critical evaluation (as of a book or play)

3. a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment

4. (accounting) a service (less exhaustive than an audit) that provides some assurance to interested parties as to the reliability of financial data

5. a variety show with topical sketches and songs and dancing and comedians

6. a periodical that publishes critical essays on current affairs or literature or art

7. a summary at the end that repeats the substance of a longer discussion

Sample writing

Movie, as a main mean of entertainment, is talked by people everyday. Some believe that, only those that can teach us something about real life are worth watching. However, others oppose it. As I see it, we can hardly make a sweeping generation. Only those, which make us learn about real life, are valuable. The purposes of people to watch movies vary. Among those aims, we can never criticize any of them.

 

First, many people go to cinema just want to be relaxed from stressful work. For example, people would buy tickets to watch a comedy movie, which lets them leave unpleasant things behind. Also a horror movie makes people scream, and after that they will feel relaxed. Another example to illustrate is that, excellent fighting scenes like one in film "The Matrix", whose main character Neo fights against hundreds of copied man, of action film, will release the pressure of audience.   

 

Second, people are simply attracted by the fascinating plot of movie. Suspense films like "The East Express" are very attractive by their unexpected plot, which you never know what the final result is in the end. I was shocked by the film "Seven", which won Oscar reward, and its rigorous logic is perfect. People following the development of plot, can exercise reasoning, by telling what is about to happen in the next.        

 

Last but not least, with development of movie technology, movies enable us to enjoy a visual feast. One of the features that movie have is to break down the limitation of people's imagination. That is to say, movie can provide us a fantastic world that never exists. There are abundant science fiction movies deserving watching, like hottest movie in 2010 "Avatar". Not mentioning its wonderful story, the marvelous world created by Cameron. 

 

To sum up, besides illumination of real life, many features of movies are worth watching. If we look only one type of movies, we will unfortunately miss thousands of master pieces.

(322 words)

 

 

 

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