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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 口语 > 2011.06预测口语【2】_090911NA_

2011.06预测口语【2】_090911NA_
发布时间:2013-01-10 作者:昂立 来源于:昂立外语网站

SPEAKING SECTION:

Task 1

 

Describe one way of life in your country that has been changed and why it is beneficial.

Brainstorming

Ways of life that has been changed

þ  integrity

þ  openness

þ  charity

þ  courtesy

þ  internet access

þ  living standards

þ  living environment

þ  international status

þ  medical care

þ  entertainment

þ  job security

Sample response

 

In my country, the way of entertainment has been changed dramatically during the past decades. For my grandparents, as far as I know, they can either do some needlework or listen to radio in their spare time. For my parents, they enjoyed much more fun with the popularity of telephone and television among households. For my generation, with plenty of choices out there, it even takes time to think about which way to entertain us. Variety is the spice of life. The variety of entertainment brings joys and laughter to our lives, adding color to our dull routine and relieving our stress in this modern world.

 

Task 2

Do you prefer to start work in advance or on due day?

Brainstorming

In advance

þ  confidence

þ  well-organized

þ  time to think

þ  time to polish

þ  time for emergencies

On due day

þ  stress

þ  panic

þ  backbreaking

þ  cram for exams

þ  burn the midnight oil

Sample response

 

I always prefer to start work as soon as possible. First of all, it makes me feel well-organized. Even if I have other works to do, I would not get stressful or into panic. Besides, it gives me more confidence. I used to freak out in every single exam. Early start allows me to get better prepared and saves me the trouble of burning the midnight oil. Lastly, it leaves me time to handle emergencies. For example, I once wrote an essay for my history class with my laptop. Unluckily, the laptop broke down when I was about to finish. So I had to rewrite my essay all over again. It was frustrating. Well, I cannot imagine how I would feel if this happened on due day.

 

Task 3

 

 

 

关于学校要求新生参加学习小组的通知,学校认为这样做有两个好处。首先帮助学生掌握学习技巧,其次让学生结交新的朋友。女生不同意,认为第一条很多学生已经知道怎么样学习,这样做会浪费时间,第二条学生都是在一个教室上课,迟早会认识成为朋友的,不需要通过在图书馆加入学习小组认识新的朋友。

Mind map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Glossary

concerns  担心

creative 有创意的

curious 好奇的

original 原创的

responsibility 责任

restrict 限制

intrinsic 内在的

motivation 动机

peers 同龄人

engrossed 全神贯注的

surveillance 监督

aversion 厌恶

compulsory 强制的

voluntary 自愿的

confined 受限的

cooperate 合作

overestimate 高估

underestimate 低估

Sample

response

The reading passage tells us that the university requires the new students to participate in the study group. However, the woman in the dialogue disagrees. She gives two reasons for her idea. First, she thinks that many of the new students have already acquired some learning skills, so it would be a waste of time for them to take part in the discussion group. Second, she thinks that the students will become friends sooner or later, because they study in the same class. So it is unnecessary for them to make friends with each other in the discussion group.

 

Task 4

动物都有保护自己的方法,有的时候保持同一个规模防止外部威胁,有的时候调整规模获取资源。以大猩猩为例,他们晚上睡觉的时候都是100个左右在一起,规模基本很稳定,防止别的动物攻击,但是白天觅食的时候会分成小规模去不同的地方。

Mind map

 

 

Glossary

anthropology 人类学

human civilization 人类文明

resemble 相似

sophisticated 高级的

adapted 适应的

evolve 进化

Sample response

 

 

 

      The reading passage discusses animals’ own way to maintain them. The listening passage is a lecture delivered by a professor on the same topic. According to the reading passage, sometimes animals keep the same size to defend themselves from outer threats. Sometimes they adjust their size to obtain certain resources.

In the lecture, the professor illustrates the whole idea with the example of gorillas. Gorillas maintain a steady size of 100 when they sleep at night so as to prevent attacks from other species. During the day, however, gorillas divide themselves into small groups to find food. In this way, they can maintain themselves well.

 

Task 5

 

男生原本在书店搬运重物到书架,后来因为搬家伤了后背,所以想换份工作。现在有两个选择,一个是继续留在书店,当收银员,但是会和他的学习时间冲突,另一个选择是去食堂洗盘子,但是钱少。

Brainstorming

Solutions:

1.       Keep working in the bookstore as a cashier.

2.       Wash dishes in the cafeteria.

Concerns:

1.       clash with his study time

2.       earn less money

Preference:

1st solution

Reasons:

1.       he can obtain the same salary

2.       his work as a cashier do no harm to his backache

3.       he can rearrange his study time

Glossary

cafeteria 食堂

cashier 收银员

backache 背疼

headache 头痛

syndrome 症状

respiratory infections 呼吸道感染

tonsillitis 扁桃体炎

pneumonia 肺炎

bronchitis 支气管炎

remove 搬家

income/salary/wage 收入

tutorial 个别辅导讨论课

office hour (教授与学生)面谈的时间

schedule 时间安排

Sample response

    The man in the conversation has a problem. He used to work in a bookstore, in charge of carrying heavy books to the shelves. One day, he hurt his back when removing to other places, so he wants to change his job. The woman gives him two suggestions. First, he may keep working in that bookstore as a cashier instead of carrier. Second, he may switch his job to wash dishes in the cafeteria with less money.

    In my view, I prefer the first solution for two simple reasons. Needless to say, he can obtain the same salary by working in that bookstore. Besides, it is less exhausting to work as a cashier, which is good for his backache. Lastly, he may rearrange his time for study.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Task 6

 

社会的稳定性有两种形式形成,一是人们从事同一个种类的工作,这样大家有共同的作息时间,共同的关注点等;另一个是从事不同种类的工作,做出不同的贡献,人们相互依赖,从而形成稳定性。

Mind map

 

 

 

 

 


Glossary

affluent 富足的

urban dwellers 城市居民

livelihood 生计

labor 劳动

workforce 劳动力

manufacturing 大规模生产

workaholics 工作狂

calligraphy 书法

neuroscientist 神经学家

psychologist 精神学家

archaeologist 考古学家

dentist 牙医

job hunting 找工作

entertainer 艺人

magician 魔术师

pharmacist 药剂师

Sample response

 

In the lecture, the professor demonstrates two ways to maintain social stability.

First, people around the world work on jobs of the same type. In this way, they may share the same schedule, the same focus and the same interest, which is good for maintaining social stability.

Second, people work on different types of job, which is known to us as “division of labor”. In this way, each individual makes their own distinctive contributions to the world. They heavily rely on each other for goods or services, which is also beneficial for maintaining social stability.

 

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