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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 听力 > 2011.06预测听力【11】_090919NA_

2011.06预测听力【11】_090919NA_
发布时间:2013-01-11 作者:昂立 来源于:昂立外语网站

Conversation 1

Topic

健身

Details

学生要参加体育比赛,想要借用体育馆里的设施进行锻炼。

Glossary

健身实心球 medicine ball 
全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan 
磁健身球 magnetic health ball 
健身垫子 gymnasium mats 
健身室 gymnasium 
健身跑 jog;jogging 
健身的 corroborant 
健身器 body builder 
健身活动 physical fitness activities 
健身体操 physical jerks 
健身者 body builder 

Conversation  2

Topic

学术

Details

女生的要改演示的时间,老师不同意。女生解释因为要去参加她爸爸的颁奖礼,爸爸拍摄的照片获大奖了,全家都去庆祝,非常重要。老师说那明天上课我问问有没有学生愿意跟你换时间。

Glossary

Presentation

3.  a presentation day

大学学位授予日

4.  Packing and presentation

包装装潢及外观

5.  motion picture presentation

电影放映

Photography

3.  space photography

航天摄影

4.  infrared photography

红外摄影

6.  aerial photography

航空摄影

Celebrate

2.  celebrate one's birthday

庆祝生日

3.  celebrate a marriage

举行婚礼

4.  To celebrate; observe.

庆祝;欢度

.Award

5.  award a medal

颁发奖章

6.  give award [prizes]

发奖

7.  A posthumous award.

死后颁奖

Lecture one

Topic

考古学

Details

考古学家使用的三种考古探测技术,不会破坏现场,便于挖掘。一种是电的,一种是磁的,一种是靠热源。

Glossary

Archaeological考古的

Investigation调查研究

Bury 掩埋

Historian历史学家

Excavation挖掘

surrounding area周边区域

distinct phases 清晰的步骤

field地址

remains遗址

three-dimensional structure 三维结构

Relevant passage

An archaeological investigation usually involves several distinct phases, each of which employs its own variety of methods. Before any practical work can begin however, a clear objective as to what the archaeologists are looking to achieve must be agreed upon. This done, a site is surveyed to find out as much as possible about it and the surrounding area. Secondly, an excavation may take place to uncover any archaeological features buried under the ground, and thirdly, the data collected from the excavation is studied and evaluated in an attempt to achieve the original research objectives of the archaeologists. It is then considered good practice for the information to be published so that it is available to other archaeologists and historians, although this is sometimes neglected.

Archaeological excavation existed even when the field was still the domain of amateurs, and it remains the source of the majority of data recovered in most field projects. It can reveal several types of information usually not accessible to survey, such as stratigraphy, three-dimensional structure, and verifiably primary context.

Modern excavation techniques require that the precise locations of objects and features, known as their provenance or provenience, be recorded. This always involves determining their horizontal locations, and sometimes vertical position as well (also see Primary Laws of Archaeology). Similarly, their association, or relationship with nearby objects and features, needs to be recorded for later analysis. This allows the archaeologist to deduce what artifacts and features were likely used together and which may be from different phases of activity. For example, excavation of a site reveals its stratigraphy; if a site was occupied by a succession of distinct cultures, artifacts from more recent cultures will lie above those from more ancient cultures.

Excavation is the most expensive phase of archaeological research, in relative terms. Also, as a destructive process, it carries ethical concerns. As a result, very few sites are excavated in their entirety. Again the percentage of a site excavated depends greatly on the country and "method statement" issued. In places 90% excavation is common. Sampling is even more important in excavation than in survey. It is common for large mechanical equipment, such as backhoes (JCBs), to be used in excavation, especially to remove the topsoil (overburden), though this method is increasingly used with great caution. Following this rather dramatic step, the exposed area is usually hand-cleaned with trowels or hoes to ensure that all features are apparent.

The next task is to form a site plan and then use it to help decide the method of excavation. Features dug into the natural subsoil are normally excavated in portions to produce a visible archaeological section for recording. A feature, for example a pit or a ditch, consists of two parts: the cut and the fill. The cut describes the edge of the feature, where the feature meets the natural soil. It is the feature's boundary. The fill is, understandably, what the feature is filled with, and will often appear quite distinct from the natural soil. The cut and fill are given consecutive numbers for recording purposes. Scaled plans and sections of individual features are all drawn on site, black and white and colour photographs of them are taken, and recording sheets are filled in describing the context of each. All this information serves as a permanent record of the now-destroyed archaeology and is used in describing and interpreting the site.

Lecture two

Topic

生态学

Details

一个小岛的生态研究对于科学家们怎么样保护野生动物很有启示。但是大家又争论到底是建立一个大的保护地好,还是建立几个小的保护地好?后来有一种解决方式是,建立一些小的,然后把它们连起来。这样一种动物在一个保护地呆不下去了还可以迁移到另处。但最后说这方法也有弊端,比如连接起来也有利于疾病传播了。

Glossary

Ecology生态学

Wildlife野生动物

Extinct灭绝

Endangered濒危

Sanctuary保护地

Migrate迁徙

Spread of disease疾病传播

生态系统 ecosystem

小生境 niche

植物群 flora

动物群 fauna

生物多样性 biological diversity

食物链 food chain

Lecture three

Topic

情商

Details

.教授讲了EI这个领域是怎么发展起来的。以前不为人们相信与关注,自从有一个人写了一本关于情商的书后,这个领域一下子火了!市面上出现很多关于EI的测试题,各种书籍涌现出来。

Relevant

Knowledge

emotion intelligence 情商

Emotional intelligence (EI) is an ability, skill or, in the case of the trait EI model, a self-perceived ability to identify, assess, and control the emotions of oneself, of others, and of groups. Various models and definitions have been proposed of which the ability and trait EI models are the most widely accepted in the scientific literature. Criticisms have centered on whether the construct is a real intelligence and whether it has incremental validity over IQ and the Big Five personality dimensions.

The earliest roots of emotional intelligence can be traced to Darwin's work on the importance of emotional expression for survival and, second, adaptation. In the 1900s, even though traditional definitions of intelligence emphasized cognitive aspects such as memory and problem-solving, several influential researchers in the intelligence field of study had begun to recognize the importance of the non-cognitive aspects. For instance, as early as 1920, E.L. Thorndike used the term social intelligence to describe the skill of understanding and managing other people.

Lecture  four

Topic

生物学

Details

鲸鱼的进化过程

Glossary

fish

鱼类触须 barbell

鱼卵 spawn

一群鱼 a school of fish

鲨鱼 shark

鲸鱼 whale

章鱼 octopus

海参 sea cucumber

海星 starfish

海豚 dolphin

Relevant passage

参见TPO-10 section one 第二篇讲座

加试题

参见经典加试题

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