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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 口语 > 2011.06预测口语【4】_100122NA_

2011.06预测口语【4】_100122NA_
发布时间:2013-01-11 作者:昂立 来源于:昂立外语网站

SPEAKING SECTION

Task 1:

说说你喜到哪购物

Brainstorming

Characteristics about shopping

 

þ  easy shopping

þ  retail shopping

þ   forced purchase

þ  shopaholics

þ   duty-free shop

þ   formal clothes

þ  purchase of luxury goods

Sample response:

 

The shopping center that I like the most is called Emperor Square. It is settled in Zhongshan road, next to the Zhonghua Plaza, and it’s in the vicinity of my school, so it’s convenient for me to go to. This place is focused on fashion and trend, so it’s very popular among teenagers. At weekends, the place is filled with middle school students. You can buy most of the fashionable things there, such as albums of famous pop stars and comic fan stuff. For boys, there are shops highlighting football, where you can buy pillows with Manchester United or AC Milan’s emblem on them. For girls, there are shops selling fancy clothes, accessories, make-up and cute chains to hang on mobile phones. There are also special shops featuring ‘DIY’, where you can do a range of things from hammering your own silver necklace to making soap and perfumes. We once made a cake of soap ourselves in Junior 1 for our English teacher, who was about to leave China, as a farewell present.

 

Task 2:

It is important to study the history from ancestors?

Brainstorming

Characteristics can be learned from ho

þ   carry forward national culture

þ   stimulates a national pride in one’s history

þ   ancient monuments

þ   revival of customs and traditions

þ  traditional ceremonies

þ  historical relics

þ   revive/ resurrect/ rehabilitation

Sample response:

 

Definitely it is important. First, by studying history, we can know the solutions to similar cases. For example, if a similar scenario occurs in the history, we can then know how people have solved this problem in the past. We may then adopt the same method or at least, we can gain inspiration from it. Law and medical study especially emphasize on case studies due to this reason. Secondly, we can learn lessons from the past mistakes and think about how to improve them. With more advanced technology, we can avoid similar mistakes and instead, have them remedied if they happen again.

 

Task 3:

学校不准学生在草地上踢球,原因一:破坏草地。原因二:制造噪音。男学生同意:一、以前草地很漂亮,在草地很惨,尤其球前都快没有草了。二、的确会影响学生的注,因有些人利用空闲时间工作或是念书。

Mindmap

 

 


Glossary

  conserve , protect

必要性  necessity

不可弥补的损失  irreparable damage

不挽回的  irreparable

繁荣、茂盛  flourish

环保政策  environmentally friendly policy

环境保护  environmental protection

毁林  deforestation

经济利益  economic interests

景点  tourist attraction

可持续性发展  sustainable development

可更新的、可恢复的  renewable

栖息地  habitat

栖息地被毁 habitat destruction

生存 survival

生态平衡  ecological balance

生态系统  ecosystem

使和谐  reconcile

维护、保护  safeguard

依赖、依靠  depend upon

自然景观  natural scenery

Sample response:

 

The school is going to prohibit the students from playing football on the lawn based on two reasons: first, the grasses will be destroyed; second it will make noise. In the conversation, the man agrees, that the lawn is going bald, especially before the goal, which used to be very beautiful; second, it affects the students’ concentrate on study, for the reason that some of them will use their free time to study or work.

 

Task 4:

讲述了一个概念 (overconfidence effect)指经过一段努力为了达成特别目标,虽然结果不如预期,但是得到意外好结果。听力中教授举了他儿子的例子。他儿子毕业后想到一家报社工作,很多人竞争,他觉得他能被选上,所以学习很努力,还拿到很不错的推荐信,但是最后落选了,不过他的努力最终还是得到了回报,他取得了很好的成绩,而且找到了其他工作。问题是教授的例子。

Mindmap

Glossary

成绩、性能performance

成绩好good test score

成绩好的学生high-achieving student

达到attainment

地位高的工作high-status job

对成功的概念conceptions of success

父母价值观parents' value

父母期望parental expectation

父母因素parent factor

个人满足personal satisfaction

个人目标personal goal

个人原因personal reason

过多的、额外excessive

好奇的inquisitive

激发motivate

经验主义的diagnosis empirical

课程curricula

来自父母的压力arental pressure

例外的、异常的exceptional

流行的信念popular belief

满足父母的需求to satisfy the parents' needs

内在的标准internal standard

偏爱、优先选择preference

评价、估计expectation

期待、预料expectation

起有害的作用play a detrimental role

确信 confident of

社会认可的socially recognized

同等的人peer

显赫的工作employment in a prominent career

消除压力的感觉to alleviate feelings of pressure

信任、信心、信仰belief

学术上有天赋的academically talented

学习目标learning goal

养育、抚育to foster

希望的年轻人promising youth

纵向研究longitudinal study

Sample response:

 

 

 

      In this set of materials, the reading passage describes the overconfidence effect, and the listening passage is a lecture by a professor/speaker on the same topic. According to the reading passage, the overconfidence effect means after a period of effort for achieving the target, although the outcome is less than expected, unexpectedly good results obtained.

In the listening passage, the professor discusses that his son wanted to get a job in newspaper office after graduation, with a lot of people competing with him, but he felt he could be elected, so he studied very hard, and got very good recommendation letters. But in the end, he lost the election, but his efforts were ultimately in return, he has not only achieved very good results, but also find another good job.

 

Task 5:

 

女学生有一个画画的作业让画一个人的脸,本来她室友答应做她的模特,可是突然说有事不行了,两个建议: 告诉教授晚一个礼拜交作业,但是她下礼拜要考生物 ;如果找其他人做模特,但这周末是父母恳亲日,大家都去见爸妈 。

> problem: The girl has a painting work to draw a person's face. Her roommate has promised her to be her model, but suddenly she had something else to do.

Brainstorming

Solutions:

  1. ask for extra week to accomplish it

  2. look for someone else to be her model

Concerns:

  1. However, there would be a biological test next week

  2. It would be the “Parents Day” this weekend

Personal recommendation:

1st solution

Reasons:

  1. She can prepare for the test this week.

  2. Just in case all the other students will go to meet their parents.

Glossary

assignment

专题发言 presentation

课外课题 project

毕业论文 paper/ thesis/ dissertation

短论文 essay

截止时期 deadline

延期 extension

每周要做的作业 journal

课堂参与情况 participation

个别辅导讨论课 tutorial

教授与学生面谈的时间 office hour

Sample response:

The girl in the conversation now faces a trouble that she has a painting work to draw a person's face. Her roommate has promised her to be her model, but suddenly she has something else to do. The man gave him 2 suggestions that either she can ask for extra week to accomplish it, however, there would be a biological test next week, or she look for someone else to be her model, but it would be the “Parents Day” this weekend.   

Personally, I recommend him to take the first solution because of two reasons. The first one is that she can prepare for the biological test this week until her roommate’s back, and then she can continue her painting work. Second, in case all the other students will go to meet their parents, she would have difficulty to finish her job.

 

Task 6:

 

山区预防土壤流失。一、同一片地种植两种不同作物。例如稻和麦,因为收获期不一样,所以在收获期有另一种植物的根可以抓土壤。二、减少下雨时雨水对表层土壤的冲刷。

Mindmap


Glossary

土壤land, soil

耕地 arable land, tilled land

旱田 dry soil

沃土、肥沃的土壤 fertile soil

腐殖质 humus

水浇地 irrigable land

贫瘠土壤 lean soil, poor soil

荒地 wasteland, barren land

草地 grassland

草甸 meadow

亩茬地 field

Sample response:

 

In the lecture, the professor demonstrates two ways to prevent from soil erosion. First is to plant two different crops in the same land, such as rice and wheat, because the harvest time is not the same. Therefore, another harvest can grasp the root of plant soil. The second way is to reduce the erosion of rainwater on the surface of soil.

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