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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 口语 > 2011.06预测口语【1】080823NA

2011.06预测口语【1】080823NA
发布时间:2013-01-11 作者:昂立 来源于:昂立外语网站

SPEAKING SECTION

Task 1:

描述一个你有影响的老人

Brainstorming

Characteristics can be learned

þ  patriotic

þ  enthusiastic

þ  admirable

þ  strict to oneself

þ  versatile

þ  amiable

þ  energetic

þ  optimistic

þ  competent

þ  idol

þ  industrious

Sample response

 

I remember that when I was a little boy, my mother talked about the importance of honest all the time, so I believe that is what I learned in my childhood. First, honest is an essential character of a decent man, nobody worships a person full of lies. What’s more, being an honest man make my life very easy, I don’t need to feel guilty that I cheated on somebody, now, what I get is, everybody trusts me.  So honesty is what I learn in my childhood.

 

Task 2:

团队运动训练小孩的竞争还是合作?

Brainstorming

Characteristics of competition

þ  a common phenomenon in our society

þ  motive forces of the development

þ  stimulates people's interest in work

þ  helps society to go forward.

 

Characteristics of cooperation

þ  share not only happiness but their sorrow

þ  make a lot of new friends

þ   we get mutual help and understanding

þ  progress at peace and in harmony.

þ  learn sports skills from others

þ  improve communication skills.

Sample response

 

The vital part of playing team sports is cooperation. Firstly, in my opinion, if you want to win the game you must work as a team with cooperation rather than fighting as individuals, even if some players in your team have extraordinary abilities. The best example would be the football match between Argentina and Germany in the 2010 World Cup. Germany won because they showed a good cooperation among team members. Even though Argentina got great football players like Messi, who was said to be the predecessor of Maradona, Argentina still failed. Secondly, playing team sports also provides us opportunities to learn sports skills from others and improve communication skills. People can make a lot of new friends with team members. They can talk and discuss everything they like, such as sports skills and maybe they can have a big get-together after the game. They can share not only happiness but sorrow with their teammates. It will be great.

 


 

Task 3:

 

 

 

学校发布了一条通知,取消去市区的校车,因为空载太多承受不起,可以坐公交车。对话中男生很不满,说晚上和周末还是有很多人坐校车的,平时大家课业很重,都没有时间去市区,但是到周末,都会去购物, 文化活动, 娱乐,而且校车是免费的,公交车要钱。学生的负担已经很重了,要买书, 电脑,如果有学校的免费校车肯定对学生有利。

Mindmap

few people go to downtown

its busy at night and weekend

students can take the public transportations

the man disagrees on the grounds that:

public bus needs extra money

The cancellation of the school bus to downtown based on two reasons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Glossary

double deck bus 双层车

tram 有轨电车

trolley bus 无轨电车

shuttle bus 班车

taxi/cab 出租车

lorry 卡车

truck 卡车

trailer 拖车

underground 地铁

subway 地铁

tube 伦敦地铁

metro 地铁系统

ferry 渡轮

cruise 游轮

Sample response

 

In this set of materials, the reading passage is a notice about the cancellation of the school bus to downtown. And the listening passage is a discussion by two students on this announcement. The man disagrees with the statement in the reading passage, which states that the university plans to cancel the school bus to downtown because there are few people go to downtown and students can take the public transportations to go there.

The man disagrees for two reasons. First, students study at day time and have no time to go to downtown, so its empty at day time. But at weekends, they will go there for shopping, cultural events, entertainments and so on, so its busy at night and weekend. Second, if it is cancelled, students still can take public city bus to downtown. However, it needs extra money, which is supposed to buy books, computers, etc. If there is free bus for students, it will definitely be beneficial to them.

 

Task 4:

有一种概念叫结果偏见,只看中积极的结果,而忽略过程中面临的困难或挫折。教授举例说他的朋友一对夫妇计划度假,有两种选择:一是飞去佛罗里达享受沙滩,二是呆在家里放松或者买新家具。两个人商量后决定去佛罗里达。但是回来以后两个人都后悔了。原因就是他们遇到了各种问题,如飞机误点,酒店房间不够舒服,由于下雨的关系所以很少能去海滩。教授认为这个想法很不对,因为假如不去做你就永远不知道会遇到什么问题。

Mindmap

error made in evaluating the quality of a decision when the outcome is known

Plan B: stay at home, relax or buy furniture

Plan A: fly to Florida to enjoy the beach

Term: outcome bias

 

 

 

 

e.g. cited by the prof. to illustrate the term: a couple’s vacation plan

 

 

 

 


regret: flight delay, uncomfortable hotel room, and little time on beach because it rained a lot

 

 

 

Glossary

press报界,新闻界

beat采写范围

assignment采写任务

mass media大众传播媒介

popular paper大众化报纸,通俗报纸

correspondence column读者来信专栏

exclusive独家新闻

libel诽谤(罪)

cover girl封面女郎

remuneration稿费,稿酬

advertisement广告

outcome bias结果偏见

flight delay航班延误

Sample

response

 

 

 

      In this set of materials, the reading passage describes the outcome bias, and the listening passage is a lecture by a professor/speaker on the same topic. According to the reading passage, the outcome bias is an error made in evaluating the quality of a decision when the outcome of that decision is already known.

In the listening passage, the professor discusses that his friends a couple plans to go on vacation. They have two choices, one is flying to Florida to enjoy the beach; the other is staying at home to relax or buy new furniture. After the discussion, they chose to go to Florida. Afterwards, they regretted their decision due to the flight delay, uncomfortable hotel room, and little time on beach because it rained a lot. The professor disagrees for you never know what things are going to be like if you dont do it. This is the so-called outcome bias.

 

Task 5:

 

男生是学校摄影协会的,要办个大型销售会。他想做个蛋糕拿到现场去让大家吃,因为据说他做蛋糕很拿手。但是宿舍的厨房坏了。女生建议:去别人家做不就好了吗。男生说:是啊,我能去别家做,可是时间不多了,并且销售会在开始时人数最多,那样会耽误事儿,还是去买一个好了,尽管不如自己做的新鲜。请说明男生遇到的问题、解决方法以及你的建议。

> problem: The man wants to make a cake himself for the bake sale, but the kitchen in the dorm cannot be used.

Brainstorming

Solutions:

  1. make it in another kitchen
  2. buy a cake on his way to the sale

Concerns:

  1. he doesn’t want to be late for the big sale
  2. he regards himself as such a good cook

Personal recommendation:

1st  solution

Reasons:

  1. it is meaningless for him to hold that bake sale
  2. he won’t spend too much on making the cake

Glossary

electric cooker

gas cooker 煤气灶

cooker hood 抽油烟机

cassette recorder 录音机

fire place 壁炉

electric heater 电暖气

flat/ apartment 公寓

dormitory/ dorm 宿舍

student hotel 学生旅馆

Sample

response

In this listening material, the man has a problem that he want to make a cake himself for the bake sale, but the kitchen in the dorm can not be used. The man gets two suggestions. One is to make it in another kitchen, but he doesn’t want to be late for the big sale. The other one is to buy a cake on his way to the sale, but he regards himself as such a good cook. 

      Personally, I recommend him to take the first solution because of two reasons. First, he is such a good cook that if he just buy a cake, it is meaningless for him to hold that bake sale. Secondly, I think that he won’t spend too much on making the cake because he regards the sale as such an important one that he will spare no effort to get there on time. So that’s why I recommend the first solution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Task 6:

 

灌溉有两个方式,一是漫灌,便宜但是浪费,二是对每棵植物单独浇其所需要的水,设置起来很贵但是有效率,浪费。

Mindmap

 

 


Glossary

land, soil 土壤

arable land, tilled land 耕地

dry soil旱田

fertile soil 沃土,肥沃的土壤

humus 腐殖质

irrigable land 水浇地

lean soil, poor soil 贫瘠土壤

wasteland, barren land 荒地

grassland 草地

meadow 草甸

field 亩茬地

Sample response

 

In the lecture, the professor demonstrates two types of irrigation. First is central irrigation. It can be used near the place where the water resource is abundant. It’s cheaper but water-wasting and not so efficient. The second way is called local irrigation. It can be used for the limited water resources such as the well. It’s efficient and save water but expensive when there are a lot of plants to irrigate.

 

 

 

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