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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 口语 > 托福机经2013.04.20口语

托福机经2013.04.20口语
发布时间:2013-05-02 作者:昂立 来源于:昂立外语网站

Task 1

One of your friends is about to have a new job and is very nervous. What advice would you give to him and explain why.

Sample response

I would tell him that having a new job is very common among people. According to U.S. Department of Labor Statistics, the average person makes four to six career changes and 12 to 15 job changes in his or her lifetime. So, it’s unnecessary to be nervous. Besides, according to research done in Great Britain, the most stressful jobs involve direct contact with public in emotionally intense situations. Such jobs included paramedics, police officers. If his job is not on the list, there is no reason to worry about it.

Task 2

Some people think that it is not necessary for young children to have their own cell phones. What do you think?

Sample response

To me, I think it ok for young children to have their own cell phones. There are two chief reasons. First, children have their own cell phones can touch base with their parents in emergency. For example, when a child gets lost after school, he can call his parents to pick him up. Second, with the development of technology, nowadays cell phone can be used in many ways. For example, they can take photos, which is convenient for children who fail to take down all the notes in a certain time. In a nutshell, it’s necessary for young children to have their own cell phones.

Task 3

【提议】:学生写信说希望学校应该给他们提供机会去国外实习,这样可以学到很多经验和其他国家的文化;而且学校应该掏这部分费用,这样可以减轻他们的经济负担。

【学生议论】:女学生不同意

理由一:女生举了个例子说明不出国也能得到那些经验,比如她朋友就在当地一个公司实习,但因为会接触到很多来自其他国家的人的商务会议,所以也能够得到很多经验。

理由二:女生指出,该校的商务学院很小,很难支付得起高昂的出国实习费用。另外,只有优秀生能够出去,不如投资一些能够有益于更多学生的项目。

Sample response

The student in business department wrote a letter and suggested that the school board should give them opportunities to work overseas. Because students can accumulate experience and learn different culture by working in foreign country. The female students didn’t agree with the idea. There are two chief reasons. First, she thinks that students can get such experience without going abroad. One of her friends, she has an internship in a local company. She has many opportunities to attend foreign business conferences, therefore, she can learn as well. Second, the business department is not very large and cannot afford the expense of overseas internship. Besides, only excellent students can have this opportunity. The campus should invest something else to benefit majority of students.

Task 4

【名词解释】: Facilitation,通过给出一些线索和暗示,来帮助他人完成某件任务。

【教授举例】:教授曾经带一帮8岁的小朋友去图书馆告诉他们如何在图书馆里找到想要的书。教授告诉他们图书馆的书分为小说和非小说两部分,而且都是按照作者的姓的字母顺序排的。有一个小女孩想找Alice’s Wonderland但找不到,于是向教授寻求帮助,教授没有直接帮她找,而是问她, 这本书是真实的故事还是个虚构的故事,女孩想了想说是虚构的的,然后教授又说,这个图书馆里分为小说跟非小说的部分,女孩就说,啊,小说!然后5分钟不到就靠自己找到了。

Sample response

Facilitation refers to a strategy with which some people provide clues and hints to help others complete a task instead of helping them complete the task directly. The professor gave an example. Once he take a group of 8 year-old children to library and told them how to get the book they want. He also told them that library can be divided into two sections, fiction and nonfiction; and all these books are categorized by the grapheme of authors’ name. A girl wanted to find Alice’s wonderland but in vain, so she came to the professor for help. The professor didn’t help the girl directly. Instead, he asked her whether the book is a make-believe story or not. The girl answered make-believe story after a while. Then the professor again said that the library is divided into fiction section and nonfiction section. Finally the girl found the book.

Task 5

【学生困难】:男生可能没法在5月份毕业,因为必修课中的有机化学没有修过。因为男生从朋友那里得到错误信息,以为修有机化学跟环境化学都行,而自己更喜欢后者,所以选择了后者。

【解决方案】:

方案一:把环境化学换成有有机化学。

评价:但是已经开课三周,转科的话得在短时间内补齐之前的内容。

方案二:提出正式申请替换有机化学课,学校可能能同意这一请求。

评价:但是谁都没法保证这个过程会耗费多少时间,很有可能当结果出来的时候已经太迟了

Sample response

The male student cannot graduate on time because he hasn’t sign up for organic chemistry course.  One of his friends told him that he can sign up for environmental chemistry as well. In the end he chooses that course because he is interested in it. According to the solutions, first, he can switch from environmental to organic chemistry. However, the course has been opened for three weeks. If he wants to change, he has to make up for the organic chemistry courses he missed. Second, he can give a formal request for a substitution of organic chemistry. However, it’s a time-consuming work; maybe it’s too late when the result comes out. So far as I am concerned, I prefer the first suggestion. He can switch from environmental to organic chemistry; although he has to make up for the organic chemistry, it won’t take too much time. Therefore, it is a practical solution.

Task 6

【讲课要点】:动物用毒液两种目的

目的一:用来捕食

举例:举了一个蛇的例子他们藏在某个地方,动物经过的时候就一口咬住它们然后用牙齿向动物体内注射毒液使之无法动弹。

目的二:防御捕食者

举例:举了蜜蜂的例子说如果有鸟想吃蜜蜂蜜蜂就会用刺蛰他们,虽然被蛰一下但是非常非常疼。而且他们需要抓蜜蜂的时候远离蜂群。 

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