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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 1

SAT单词——Day 1
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 1

1. Geological evidence suggests that the earth's magnetic polarity has switched back and forth many times over the millennia; such ________ in the magnetic field may affect the ability of our planet to ward off cosmic radiation.

A. intensifications

B. justifications

C. records

D. correlations

E. fluctuations

answer: E

【单词解析】

intensification [inˌtensifi'keiʃən] n. 增强, 加强, 强化

The intensification of the immunological response represents the body's natural defense.

增强免疫反应代表身体的自然保卫。

justification [ˌdʒʌstifi'keiʃən] n.辩护, 正当的理由

I can see no justification for dividing the company into smaller units.

我认为没有理由把公司划分为小单位。

correlation [ˌkɔ:ri'leiʃən] n.相互关系, 相关, 关联

There is the positive correlation between cigarette smoking and the incidence of lung cancer and the negative correlation between age and normal vision.

吸烟和肺癌发病有正比关系,年龄与正常视力之间有反比关系。

fluctuation [ˌflʌktju'eiʃən] n.波动, 起伏

The decision was affected by his fluctuation of mood.

这个决定受他情绪的影响。

2. Recent studies have demonstrated that even birds are capable of making and using tools, but scientists disagree as to whether such behavior is learned or __________.

A. intelligent

B. impassive

C. innate

D. pragmatic

E. suspect

answer: C

【单词解析】

intelligent [in'telidʒənt] adj.聪明的, 智能的

Though very intelligent, she is nevertheless rather modest.

她很聪明,倒也很谦虚。

impassive [im'pæsiv] adj.无感情的,无表情的, 冷漠的, 平静的

After a certain point, she became impassive, detached utterly from him.

过了某一点后,她变得冷漠无情,对他没有一丝眷恋。

innate ['in'eit] adj.天生的, 固有的

There is the belief that society has an innate tendency toward improvement and that this tendency may be furthered through conscious human effort.

人们相信,社会具有变得更好的内在倾向和人类有力量促使其改善

pragmatic [præg'mætik] adj.实用主义的, 实际的

This is because those are pragmatic policies pursued by a pragmatic Singapore government.

这是务实的新加坡政府采取务实的政策所带来的客观结果。

suspect [səs'pekt] v.怀疑, 猜想 n.嫌疑犯 adj.可疑的, 不可信的

He's a prime suspect in the murder case.

他是这次谋杀案的主要怀疑对象。

3. Although doctors have been thus far successful at __________ the spread of tuberculosis in the United States, they are nonetheless concerned that __________ strains of the disease may yet arise.

A. marginalizing...innocuous

B. controlling...virulent

C. obscuring...indifferent

D. imperiling...responsive

E. dismissing...required

answer: B

【单词解析】

marginalize ['mɑ:dʒinəlaiz] vt. 使边缘化, 忽略, 排斥

Chen said the sudden reversal scares families which fear the tests could unfairly marginalize young students who perform poorly.

陈宗义表示,这样突然的转变让家长很恐慌,担心这样的考试会不公平地排斥学习表现不佳的学生。

innocuous [i'nɔkjuəs] adj.无害的, 无毒的, 无关痛痒的

Depending on the nature of the pollutant, this transfer can be innocuous or stimulatory to the forest.

根据污染物的性质,这种转移对森林可能是无害的,还可能有促进作用。

virulent ['virələnt] adj.有毒的, 有恶意的, 充满敌意的

His virulent opposition to Zionism reassured the radicals.

他以恶毒的语言反对犹太复国主义,这使激进分子放心。

obscure [əb'skjuə] adj.难解的, 不著名的, 微暗的 v.使 ... 模糊, 隐藏, 变模糊 n.模糊不清的东西

Her poetry is full of obscure literary allusions.

他的诗里用了很多晦涩的文学典故。

imperil [im'peril] v.使陷于危险中, 危及

The security of the country had been imperiled.

国家安全处于危险之中。

responsive [ri'spɔnsiv] adj. 回答的, 应答的, 易感应的

Blighted and battered, but still responsive and still ironic, his face was like a lighted lantern patched with paper.

他受到了摧残和打击,但他仍那么敏锐和风趣。他的脸好像是点着的灯笼,只是外面多糊了一层纸。

dismiss [dis'mis] vt.开除, 解散, 屏除, (法律)驳回

The boss threatened to dismiss him from his job, but it's all a bluff.

老板威胁说要解雇他,但这不过是恐吓而已。

4. The lecturer admonished those who confused the carefully formulated ________ of the scientific method with the more wishful ________ of pseudoscience.

A. theories...divergences

B. concessions...estimates

C. hypotheses...conjectures

D. paradigms...restrictions

E. hunches...proofs

answer: C

【单词解析】

divergence [dai'və:dʒəns] n.分歧, 背离

Any appreciable divergence from these values raises questions.

对这些数值有任何可检测到的偏差均说明有问题。

concession [kən'seʃən] n.让步, 特许权, 租界, 妥协

I hope you can make some concession.

我希望你能做些让步。

hypothesis (复数 hypotheses[haɪ'pɑθɪsɪs] [hai'pɔθisi:z] n. 臆断, 假设

People have propose all sort of hypotheses to explain why dinosaur have become extinct.

人们提出种种假设,试图说明恐龙为什么会灭绝。

conjecture [kən'dʒektʃə] n. 推测, 臆测 v. 推测, 臆测

The general conjectures that the enemy will launch an attack against us this night.

将军推测说敌人将于今天晚上突袭我们。

paradigm ['pærədaim] n.范例, 示范, 典范

The hierarchy of the Catholic Church realizes the magnitude of the paradigm change.

天主教僧侣统治集团认识到范例改变的分量。

restriction [ri'strikʃən] n.限制, 约束

The swimming club is open to families in the neighborhood without restriction.

这个游泳俱乐部对邻近地区的家庭开发,不受限制。

hunch [hʌntʃ] n.预感, , 肉峰 v.弯腰驼背

He had a hunch that she was lying.

他凭直觉认为她说的是谎话。

5. Unlike the first lecture, which was __________ and filled with irrelevant references, Ken's presentation was easy to understand and illustrated with ___________ examples.

A. obscure...vague

B. lucid...pertinent

C. convoluted...petty

D. concise...esoteric

E. abstruse...germane

answer: E

【单词解析】

vague [veig] adj.不明确的, 模糊的, 茫然的, 犹豫不决的

If you wanted me to go why didn't you say so in plain English instead of making vague hints?

你想叫我走,为什么拐弯抹角而不直说?

lucid ['lu:sid] adj. 明白易懂的, 清晰的, 神智清醒的

She's delirious, but has lucid intervals.

她神智昏乱,但时而清醒。

pertinent ['pə:tinənt] adj.中肯的, 相关的, 切题的, 恰当的

The biographer will be seized of all pertinent papers and correspondence.

这位传记作者将掌握全部有关文件和信件。

convoluted ['kɔnvəlu:tid] adj. 旋绕的, 费解的

You've planning something in that convoluted pixie mind of yours.

你那颗爱恶作剧的复杂脑瓜子,是在盘算着什么花招吧。

concise [kən'sais] adj.简明的, 简要的

Teaching content should be concise.

教学内容要少而精。

esoteric [ˌesəu'terik] adj. 秘传的, 神秘的, 难懂的

Some words are really too esoteric for this dictionary.

有些单词实在太生僻了,未收入本词典内。

abstruse [æb'stru:s] adj.深奥的

The involved and abstruse passage makes several interpretations possible.

这段艰涩的文字可以做出好几种解释。

germane [dʒə:'mein] adj.有密切关系的, 恰当的

The fact is not germane to this issue.

此事实与问题无密切关系。

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