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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 2

SAT单词——Day 2
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 2

1. From the 1930's until the 1960s, T.S. Eliot's reputation grew to mythic proportions, making him the most _________ English-speaking poet in the world.

A. callous

B. infamous

C. aloof

D. renowned

E. obtuse

answer D

callous ['kæləs] adj. 麻木的, 无情的, 硬结的, 起老茧的

He had worked in the hospital for so many years that he was callous to the suffering in the wards.

他在医院已工作了好多年了,因此对病房里病员的疾苦显得很冷漠。

infamous ['infəməs] adj.无耻的, 臭名昭著的

The king was infamous for his guilt of many infamies.

那个国王因罪恶多端而臭名昭著。

aloof [ə'lu:f] adj. 疏远的, 冷淡的 adv. 远离地

The United States should, he argues, attempt to remain aloof.

他认为,美国应保持超然态度。

renowned [ri'naund] adj. 有名的, 有声誉的

Ladies and gentlemen, now I will introduce to you the renowned star of the stage and screen, John Wayne.

各位女士、先生,现在我为你们介绍一位舞台和银幕上著名的明星,约翰韦恩。

obtuse [əb'tju:s] adj.钝的,不尖的,钝角的, 愚钝的

At time he was almost seductively charming; at other times he was boorish and obtuse.

他有时几乎表现得妩媚动人,有时却土里土气像个十足的笨伯。

2. Because of the cold and rainy weather that has enveloped the resort areas this summer, the beaches have been ____________ people.

A. devoid of

B. overpopulated by

C. overrun with

D. packed with

E. manipulated by

answer A

devoid [di'vɔid] adj. 全无的, 缺乏的

The three most important events of human life are equally devoid of reason: birth, marriage, and death.

人生三件大事,出生、结婚以及死亡,全都是无道理可言的。

The article is devoid of substantial matter.

这篇文章缺乏实质性的内容。

overpopulate [əuvə'pɔpjuleit] vt. 使(一地区)人口过剩, 使人口过密

overrun [ˌəuvə'rʌn] v.超越, 侵占, 泛滥, 流行于

The countryside was overrun by marauding bands.

郊野到处都有散兵游勇,四处打劫。

pack [pæk] n.一群, 一副, 包裹, 一包 v.包装, 解雇, 塞满, 收拾行李, 佩戴

The bus was packed with noisy schoolchildren.

这辆公共汽车里挤满了吵吵嚷嚷的小学生。

manipulate [mə'nipjuleit] vt.操纵, 操作, 控制, 利用, (巧妙地)处理, 篡改

A clever politician know how to manipulate public opinion.

聪明的政客知道如何操作公众舆论。

3. Amid the controversy surrounding her reign, the queen decided to _________ her throne and retire to the countryside.

A. commemorate

B. abdicate

C. rectify

D. replicate

E. disenfranchise

answer B

commemorate [kə'meməreit] vt.纪念

A monument was built to commemorate the victory.

为了纪念胜利,建造了一座纪念碑。

abdicate ['æbdikeit] vt.正式放弃, 让位 vi.退位, 辞职

The nation was thrilled, shocked and sympathetic. Whether Edward would abdicate in favour of his brother became the question of the hour.

举国上下都感到激动、震惊、并表示同情。爱德华是否会放弃王位而支持他的兄弟成了当前热门话题。

rectify ['rektifai] vt.改正, []精馏, []整流

Please rectify the mistake in my bill.

请改正我账单上的错误。

replicate ['replikeit] v.复制, 模拟, 折叠 n.复制品 adj.复制的, 折叠的

The chameleon's skin replicates the pattern of its surroundings.

变色龙的皮肤可以随环境改变颜色。

disenfranchise [ˌdisin'fræntʃaiz] vt. 剥夺 ... 公民权

White supremacists devise new methods to disenfranchise Negroes.

白人至上论者想出新的方法以剥夺黑人的公民权。

4. Although I expected ___________ for raking my neighbor's lawn, I was surprised that she paid me so much because I had always been told that she was __________.

A. remuneration...frugal

B. perquisite...venal

C. beneficiary...penniless

D. gratification...arbitrary

E. provisions...thrifty

answer A

remuneration [riˌmju:nə'reiʃən] n.报酬, 酬劳, 赔偿

He received generous remuneration for his services.

他因服务而得到优厚的报酬。

frugal ['fru:gəl] adj.节俭的, 省钱的

As far as oil energy is concerned, we cannot be too frugal.

就石油能源而言,我们越节省越好。

perquisite ['pə:kwizit] n. 额外补贴, 临时津贴

Politics in Britain used to be the perquisite of the property-owning classes.

英国的政治以往是有产阶级的特权。

venal ['vi:nəl] adj.<正式>受贿的, 贪赃枉法的

Venal judges are a disgrace to a country.

贪污腐败的法官是国家的耻辱。

beneficiary [ˌbeni'fiʃəri] n.受惠者, 受益人

I am the beneficiary of your generosity.

我是你慷慨大方的受益人。

penniless ['penilis] adj.身无分文的

Jobless and penniless, Tom had to sleep rough in the fields for several months.

汤姆没有工作,身无分文,不得不在野外露宿几个月。

gratification [ˌgrætifi'keiʃən] n. 满足, 喜悦

He got gratification when he knew his plans have been realized.

当得知他的计划已经实现后,他变得很满足。

arbitrary ['ɑ:bitrəri] adj.任意的, 专制的, 武断的, 霸道的

I have no idea of what is in fashion so my choice is quite arbitrary.

我不知道什么时髦,因此我的选择是非常随意的。

provision [prə'viʒən] n.食品, 粮食,供应, 规定, 条款, 预备 vt. ... 供应食物

The present law makes no provision for this.

现行的法律对此未作任何规定。

thrifty ['θrifti] adj.节俭的, 兴旺的,茁壮的

Mr. Thompson is so thrifty that he is able to save more than half of his weekly salary.

汤普森先生是如此节俭,以致他能省下超过一半的周薪。

5. Despite having been __________ for several years, the vegetable garden had great potential, and Mrs. Nelson was excited about ________ it.

A. fertile...planting

B. fallow...cultivating

C. aquatic...fertilizing

D. praiseworthy...culminating

E. painstaking...sterilizing

answer B

fertile ['fə:tail] adj.肥沃的, 富饶的, 能繁殖的, 多产的, (创造力)丰富的

The rotation of crops keeps the soil healthy and fertile.

谷物轮种使土壤保持了肥力和高质。

fallow ['fæləu] adj.休耕的, 不活跃的 n.休耕地, 休耕 v.使休耕

The field was lying fallow.

那田地正在休耕中。

cultivate ['kʌltiveit] vt.栽培, 耕作, 培养, 陶冶, 结交(朋友)

The farmer still must cut down trees, clear a lot of land and cultivate the soil.

农民们还必须砍到树木,清理大片土地进行耕耘。

aquatic [ə'kwætik] adj.水生的, 水中的, 水上的 n.水生动物, 水草

The rich aquatic source and convenient traffic provide the basis for company to develop the aquatic food in the Island.

丰富的水产资源及便利的交通设施为公司水产品开发奠定了良好的基础。

fertilize ['fə:tilaiz] v.施肥, 使肥沃, 使丰富, []使受精, 使受粉

Flowers are often fertilized by bees as they gather nectar.

蜜蜂采蜜时常使花授粉。

praiseworthy ['preizˌwə:ði] adj.值得赞许的, 可嘉的

As for his moral character, he is also praiseworthy.

至于他的品德,也是值得称赞的。

culminate ['kʌlmineit] vi.达到顶点, 达到高潮, 告终 vt.使达高潮, 使结束

Everyone feared that the boundary dispute between these two countries would culminate in a war.

人人都担心,这两国间的边境争端将以一场战争告终。

painstaking ['peinzˌteikiŋ] adj.辛苦的,勤勉的,十分小心的 n.辛苦,苦心,工夫

As a result of many such painstaking studies, our present knowledge of the oceans has accumulated.

由于许多这类的艰苦研究,我们现有的关于海洋方面的知识才得以积累起来。

sterilize ['sterilaiz] vt.使不育, 杀菌使贫瘠

After her fourth child she decided to have herself sterilized.

她生了第四个孩子后决定做绝育手术。

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