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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 4

SAT单词——Day 4
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 4

1. Wildebeests are __________ creatures, often trekking over 1,000 miles in a typical year in search of food resources that shift according to the rainy season.

A. itinerant

B. indigenous

C. subdued

D. nocturnal

E. arboreal

answer A

itinerant [i'tinərənt] adj.巡回的, 流动的 n.巡回者

In the past, itinerant merchants sold harmful products.

过去,流动的商人出售有毒的产品。

indigenous [in'didʒinəs] adj.土生土长的, 本地的, 天生的

Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.

印第安人是美洲的土著居民。

subdue [səb'dju:] v. 使服从, 压制, 减弱

He managed to subdue his mounting anger.

他设法克制住了阵阵愤怒。

nocturnal [nɔk'tə:nəl] adj.在夜间的, (指生物)夜间活动的

Nocturnal animal such as bats and owl only come out at night.

夜行动物,如蝙蝠和猫头鹰只在夜里才出来。

arboreal [ɑ:'bɔ:riəl] adj.树木的, 栖于树木的

Man was evolved from an ancestor that was probably arboreal.

人大概是从住在树上的祖先进化而来的。

2. Carlos has always been _________ the motivations of politicians, often insisting that even their most seemingly ___________ initiatives are in fact based on selfish impulses.

A. skeptical of...contemptible

B. sanguine about...magnanimous

C. disparaging of...callous

D. enthusiastic about...immaterial

E. cynical about...altruistic

answer E

skeptical ['skeptikəl] adj.怀疑的

The leader had the gift of being able to infuse enthusiasm into the most skeptical member of the group.

那位领导人很有天赋,能使团队中最持怀疑态度的人都充满热情。

contemptible [kən'temptəbl] adj.可鄙的, 可轻视的

His cowardice in face of the enemy was contemptible.

他在敌人面前胆小如鼠,真是可鄙。

sanguine ['sæŋgwin] adj.乐天的, 自信的, 红润的 n.血红色

We are sanguine that we shall be succeeding.

我们自信会成功。

magnanimous [mæg'næniməs] adj.度量大的, 宽大的,有雅量的, 高尚的

He is a leader who is magnanimous in victory.

他是个在胜利时宽宏大度的领袖。

disparage [di'spæridʒ] vt. 蔑视, 贬损

The woman always disparages my achievements.

那个女人常贬低我的成就。

callous ['kæləs] adj. 麻木的, 无情的, 硬结的, 起老茧的

He had long since become callous to the woes of the driven unfortunates who haunted the legation.

那些被赶出家园的倒霉人老是到公馆纠缠不休,他对他们的苦难早已无动于衷了。

immaterial [ˌimə'tiəriəl] adj.非物质的, 无形的, 精神的, 不重要的

The body is material but the soul is immaterial.

躯体是有形的,而灵魂是无形的。

3. Herbert was not _________ enough to be a good literary agent, often mistaking _________ prose for original and competent writing.

A. discerning...derivative

B. gauche...sublime

C. obstinate...proficient

D. diligent...innovative

E. servile...pedestrian

answer A

discern [di'zə:n] v.辨别, 看出, 察觉

I soon discerned that the man was lying.

我马上察觉出那人在撒谎。

derivative [di'rivətiv] n.派生物, 衍生字, 导数 adj.派生的, ()非独创的, 庸乏的

A mark used as a superscript to indicate the first derivative of a variable.

撇号置于右上角的符号,用以标明变量的第一个导数。

gauche [gəuʃ] adj.笨拙的, 粗鲁的,不善交际的

I find him terribly gauche.

我认为他太不圆通了。

sublime [sə'blaim] adj.高尚的, 壮观的, 非凡的, 极其的 vt.变高尚, 升华, 气化 n.顶峰,高尚

Interrupting an opera on television for a pet-food commercial is going from the sublime to the ridiculous.

在电视播演歌剧时插播宠物广告真是煞风景。

obstinate ['ɔbstinit] adj. 固执的, 倔强的, 不易屈服的, (病)难治的

Only a man full of milk of human kindness could have continued to befriend the proud and obstinate young man.

只有天性善良的人才会和这个性情高傲脾气的年轻人继续交往。

proficient [prə'fiʃənt] adj.熟练的, 精通的 n.能手

I'd say I am quite proficient at tailoring.

我可以说我对裁缝很在行。

diligent ['dilidʒənt] adj.勤奋的, 用功的

In comparison with other students, Mike is more diligent.

和其它学生相比,麦克更加勤勉一些。

servile ['sə:vail] adj.屈从的,奴隶的, 不自由的

An honest judge cannot be servile to public opinion.

一个正直的法官不能一味顺从舆论。

4. As an advocate of ___________, Gena has always believed that individuals who have been __________ deserve the opportunity to return to society as productive citizens.

A. tolerance...revered

B. conservatism...overlooked

C. rehabilitation...incarcerated

D. perseverance...championed

E. independence...criticized

answer C

revere [ri'viə] v.尊敬, 敬畏, 崇敬

People came to the memorial to revere the memory of the great leader.

人们来到纪念馆崇敬地纪念这位伟大的领袖

conservatism [kən'sə:vətizəm] n. 保守主义, 守旧性

There is a deep-seated conservatism running through our society.

我们社会中普遍存在着根深蒂固的保守思想。

overlook [ˌəuvə'luk] v.俯瞰, 远眺, 没注意到, 忽视 n.忽视, 远眺

It was a slight overlook on my part.

这是我的小疏忽。

rehabilitation [ˌri:həˌbili'teiʃən] n.修复, 复原, 复兴, 恢复名誉

At present, China has established the National Rehabilitation Research Center for Deaf Children, in addition to 26 provincial-level rehabilitation centers for deaf children and over 1,000 rehabilitation stations, kindergartens and training classes for kids.

目前,中国已经建立了全国聋儿康复研究中心和26座省级聋儿康复中心,以及1000多个残疾儿童康复站、寄托所、训练班。

incarcerate [in'kɑ:səreit] vt. 监禁, 幽闭

He was incarcerated in the castle dungeon for years.

他被多年监禁在古堡的地牢里。

5. Early researchers discovered that quinine produced __________ responses such as sweating and shivering when ingested by healthy individuals, but actually _________ these effects in people who had malaria.

A. beneficial...assuaged

B. physiological...ameliorated

C. circumstantial...exacerbated

D. premeditated...rebuffed

E. communicable...concentrated

answer B

assuage [ə'sweidʒ] v.缓和, 减轻, 镇定

Nothing can assuage the widow's grief.

什么也不能缓和这寡妇的哀伤。

physiological [ˌfiziə'lɔdʒikəl] adj. 生理的, 生理学的

The physiological adaptation of an animal or a plant to changes in climate or environment, such as light, temperature, or altitude.

适应气候动物或植物在生理上对气候或环境的变化,比如光线,气温或高度变化的适应。

ameliorate [ə'mi:ljəreit] vt.使改善, 使变好 vi.改善, 变好

Everyone wishes to ameliorate his own condition.

改善自己境况的愿望人皆有之。

circumstantial [ˌsə:kəm'stænʃəl] adj.依情况而定的, 详细的

Circumstantial evidence is like a blackberry, which when red or white is really green.

环境证据有如黑莓,当其呈红色或白色之时,其实还是青(未成熟)的。

exacerbate [ig'zæsəbeit] vt.加重(使 ... 恶化, 激怒)

Her mother's interference exacerbated the difficulties in their marriage.

她母亲从中干预使他们的婚姻雪上加霜。

premeditate [priː'mediət] v. 预谋; 预先计划

rebuff [ri'bʌf] n.断然拒绝, 漠不关心 v.严厉拒绝, 冷落

Her kindness to him was met with a cruel rebuff.

她一片好心却遭到他冷酷拒绝。

communicable [kə'mju:nikəbl] adj.可传达的, 会传染的

Communicable diseases have been a curse of mankind since time immemorial.

自古以来,某些传染性疾病就是人类的灾祸。

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