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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 5

SAT单词——Day 5
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 5

1. Even his friends believed that Yuri was too submissive to his superiors in the office, and told him that such ___________ behavior might even harm his chances of promotion.

A. headstrong

B. tolerable

C. complaisant

D. truculent

E. tactless

answer C

headstrong ['hedstrɔŋ] adj.顽固的, 刚愎的, 任性的

She's hopelessly headstrong; she always gets up against people in authority.

她刚愎自用到了不可挽救的地步,老是与主管人员发生冲突。

complaisant [kəm'pleiznt] adj. 殷勤的, 顺从的, 彬彬有礼的

It is necessary that we should be more than complaisant to the count.

我们对伯爵在礼貌上就应该更殷勤些。

truculent ['trʌkjulənt] adj.野蛮的, 好斗的, 残酷的

He was seen as truculent, temperamental, too unwilling to tolerate others.

他们认为他为人蛮横无理,性情暴躁,不大能容人。

tactless ['tæktlis] adj.无机智的, 不圆滑的, 不得体的

It was out of order for him to make such a tactless remark.

他说出这种不策略的话是不得体的。

2. The efforts to _________ the local economy after the departure of the town's largest employer were ______________ by the construction of a new arts center that would infuse the community with much-needed revenue.

A. revive...facilitated

B. debilitate...expedited

C. reform...postponed

D. initiate...tabled

E. preempt...subsidized

answer A

revive [ri'vaiv] vt.使重生, 恢复精神, 唤醒 vi.复生

A dash of water in his face will revive him.

向他脸上泼水能使他苏醒。

facilitate [fə'siliteit] vt.促进, 帮助, 使 ... 容易

A device, such as a saw, used to perform or facilitate manual or mechanical work.

器具,工具用来进行或促进手工或机械工作的器具,例如锯子。

debilitate [di'biliteit] vt. 使 ... 衰弱

A Japanese art of self-defense that employs holds and locks and that uses the principles of nonresistance in order to debilitate the strength of the opponent.

合气道是日本的一种自卫拳术,运用搂抱和不抵抗的原则来削弱对方的力量。

expedite ['ekspidait] vt.加速, 加快, 有助于

Shipment is ready. Please expedite credit.

船已经装完,请速开信用证。

postpone [pəust'pəun] vt.延期, 推迟

The commander decided to postpone the big push until the spring.

指挥官决定把大规模的进攻推迟到春天进行。

initiate [i'niʃieit] vt.开始, 创始, 启蒙, 介绍加入 n.创始人

A language teacher should initiate pupils into the elements of grammar.

语言老师应该把基本语法教给学生。

preempt [pri'empt] v.以优先购买权获得,先占,(桥牌中)先发制人地叫牌,优先,取代

The council found that their traffic plans had been preempted by a government decision.

The council found that their traffic plans had been preempted by a government decision.

市议会发现他们的交通规划已经因政府先行做了决定而无法推行。

subsidize ['sʌbsidaiz] vt.给与补助金或奖助金, 贿赂

Governments subsidize exports in many ways, even though they do so quietly to escape indictment under GATT.

各国政府用许多方式来补贴出口,尽管它们是暗中进行的以逃避关税及贸易总协定的指控。

3. As ________ the value of free trade, Bennett was often called upon to give speeches around the world extolling the virtues of unencumbered commerce.

A. an antagonist to

B. a stalwart of

C. a caviler about

D. a diviner of

E. a skeptic of

answer B

antagonist [æn'tægənist] n.敌手, 对手

I am bound to furnish my antagonists with arguments, but not with comprehension.

我一定要向对手提供争论点,但并无予以理解的必要。

stalwart ['stɔ:lwət] adj.坚定的, 健壮的 n.坚定分子

A tribe of stalwart Moors are wading into the sea to carry us ashore on their backs from the small boats.

一批魁伟的摩尔人走下海,把我们背下小船,渡上岸去。

caviler 'kævlən. 吹毛求疵者, 苛责者

diviner [di'vainə] n. 占卜者, 占卦的人, 预言者

"No," replied he with an air of triumph which would have puzzled the most clever diviner.

他带着一种即使是最聪明的推测者见了也会感到迷惑的得意神情回答。

skeptic ['skeptik] n. 怀疑者, 怀疑论者, 无神论者

He is a perspicacious skeptic who makes no claim to be able to explain the world.

他是一个怀疑者和洞察者,而并不声称他可以解释世界。

4. Federica expressed doubt about the existence of true altruism, claiming that no one makes a sacrifice without expecting it to be _________ in one form or another.

A. requited

B. repudiated

C. portended

D. rescinded

E. expropriated

answer A

requite [ri'kwait] vt. 报答, 报酬, 还礼, 报复

I'll requite you for your help.

我想报答你的帮助。

repudiate [ri'pju:dieit] v.拒绝, 拒付, 断绝, 否认

He repudiated the court's decision to offer bail.

他不接受法庭的保释裁决。

portend [pɔ:'tend] vt. 成为 ... 的前兆, 预知, 预警

Black clouds portend a storm.

乌云是暴风雨的前兆。

rescind [ri'sind] v.废除, 取消

Darlan then tried to rescind the order.

当时达尔朗欲收回成命。

expropriate [eks'prəupriˌeit] v.征用,没收,剥夺,侵占(他人财产)

The new government expropriated his estate for military purposes.

新政府将他的地产征作军用。

5. The earth minerals found within the thermal waters of the hot springs are known to ____________ and revitalize the skin.

A. ingratiate

B. invigorate

C. exculpate

D. enervate

E. debilitate

answer B

ingratiate [in'greiʃieit] v.取悦, 迎合, 讨好

She quickly sought to ingratiate herself with the new administration.

她很快就试图使她自己获得新政府的欢心。

invigorate [in'vigəreit] vt. 增添活力, 鼓舞, 激励

I feel invigorated by all this fresh air!

空气很清新,我觉得精神焕发!

exculpate ['ekskʌlpeit] v.为某人开脱,证明无罪

He exculpated himself from a charge of theft.

他辩白自己无盗窃嫌疑。

enervate ['enə:veit] adj. 无力的, 衰弱的 vt. 使无力, 使衰弱

A hot climate enervate people who are not used to it.

热的气候使不习惯于热的人衰弱无力。

debilitate [di'biliteit] vt. 使 ... 衰弱

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