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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 10

SAT单词——Day 10
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 10

1. Having never before been subjected to the rigors of a presidential campaign, Senator Thomas found the __________ pace of the primaries overwhelming and as a result he took his name off the ballot.

A. reticent

B. mundane

C. pastoral

D. frenetic

E. prosaic

answer D

reticent ['retisənt] adj.寡言少语的, 沉默的, 谨慎的, 讳莫如深的

He seems unduly reticent on the subject of his past.

他似乎对他过去的事情讳莫如深。

mundane ['mʌndein] adj.平凡的, 世俗的, 世界的

A grasp of mundane affairs is genuine knowledge, understanding of worldly wisdom is true learning.

世事洞明皆学问,人情练达及文章。

pastoral ['pɑ:stərəl] adj. 田园的, 宁静的, 牧人的, 牧师的 n. 田园诗, 牧歌, 牧函

A pastoral poem is usually in the form of a dialogue between shepherds.

田园诗常以牧羊人之间对话的形式出现。

frenetic [fri'netik] adj.发狂的, 狂热的 n.发狂者

I therefore plunged into a frenetic period of intense diplomacy.

于是,我便投身于一段狂热而紧张的外交活动之中。

prosaic [prəu'zeiik] adj.单调乏味的,散文的,平淡无奇的,无想象力的

The office seems so dull and prosaic after Pine Ridge.

从松岭回来后,办公室似乎变得枯燥无味了。

2. The literature of Gabriel Garcia Marquez has defined the "magical realism" genre of fiction; he writes of seemingly impossible and _________ events that are woven flawlessly into the universal themes of love and war.

A. plausible

B. chimerical

C. obsequious

D. itinerant

E. perfunctory

answer B

plausible ['plɔ:zəbl] adj.似真实合理的, 动听的

He trotted out a most plausible story, but most of us were inclined to doubt the truth of it.

他提出了一个听起来很有道理的说法,但我们大多数人对此都持怀疑态度。

chimerical [kai'merikəl] adj. 空想的, 荒诞的

They never overtook the chimerical friend, yet Andrea frequently inquired of people on foot whom he passed and at the inns which were not yet closed, for a green cabriolet and bay horse.

他们一直不曾追上那位幻想中的朋友,可是安德烈常常向路上的行人和尚未关门的小客栈,打听是否是否有一辆栗色马所拖的绿色轻便马车经过。

obsequious [əb'si:kwiəs] adj.谄媚的, 奉承的, 顺从的

He is a worker who is obsequious to the boss.

他是个对老板卑躬屈膝的人。

itinerant [i'tinərənt] adj.巡回的, 流动的 n.巡回者

In the past, itinerant merchants sold harmful products.

过去,流动的商人出售有毒的产品。

perfunctory [pə'fʌŋktəri] adj.敷衍的

The operator answered the phone with a perfunctory greeting.

接线员接通电话,象征性的打了个招呼。

3. The deliberation of the jury was __________ and even escalated to physical combat after two _________ jurors exchanged vicious invectives.

A. dignified...temperate

B. decorous...belligerent

C. sedate...amiable

D. staid...pugnacious

E. contentious...truculent

answer E

dignified ['dignifaid] adj.高贵的, 威风的, 有尊严的, 气派的

The farmhouse is dignified by the great elm around it.

这家农舍由于周围的大榆树而增光不少。

temperate ['tempərit] adj. 温和的, 适度的, 有节制的

Ninety per cent of the country lies in the temperate zone.

这个国家百分之九十的地方都是温泉。

decorous ['dekərəs] adj.合宜的, 高雅的, 端庄的

The tete-a-tete was decorous in the extreme.

促膝谈心是一件非常雅致的事情。

belligerent [bi'lidʒərənt] adj.好战的, 交战的 n.交战国, 交战者

The boys found it hard to get along with Tom, because he always said some very belligerent things.

孩子们觉得汤姆很难相处,因为他老是说一些挑衅性的话。

sedate [si'deit] adj. 安静的, 镇静的 vt. 使安静, 使镇静

I seemed to be reduced to my former calm, sedate way of living.

我似乎又恢复了以前那种安定,宁静的生活方式。

amiable ['eimjəbl] adj. 和蔼的, 亲切的

He is an amiable fellow, assured of his place in the world and certain that, given enough time and effort, others can simply pull themselves up by their bootstraps.

他和善可亲,自信他在世界上占有一席之地,并确信,假以时日及努力,别人根本也可以靠自己的力量成功。

staid [steid] adj.固定的, (指人﹑外表﹑ 行为﹑ 爱好等)古板的, 保守的, 一本正经的

They showed a staid mood in that accident.

那次事件中他们的情绪很稳定。

pugnacious [pʌg'neiʃəs] adj.好斗的

He is a pugnacious, unyielding, or determined person.

他是一个好斗的,不屈服的,有毅力的人。

contentious [kən'tenʃəs] adj. 好辩的, 好争吵的, 有争议的

There is a contentious clause in the treaty.

这条约中有一条有争议的条款。

truculent ['trʌkjulənt] adj.野蛮的, 好斗的, 残酷的

He was in no truculent state of mind now.

这会儿他心肠一点也不狠毒了。

4. The ________odor was easily explained when Elmo found the bag of rotten garbage that he had forgotten to throw out three weeks earlier.

A. putrid

B. delectable

C. piquant

D. divine

E. savory

answer A

putrid ['pju:trid] adj.腐臭的, 腐败的, 令人厌恶的

I watched my mother vomit out her own insides, green and putrid, and saw the mess and discomfort of fluids flowing in and out of a body that was not longer able to handle them.

我看到母亲从胃里吐出绿色腐臭的东西,看到她无法自主控制那些令她不适的液体进出身体。

delectable [di'lektəbl] adj. 快乐的, 可喜的, 愉快的, 美味的

But today the delectable seafood is no longer available in abundance.

但是今天这种可口的海味已经不再大量存在了。

piquant ['pi:kənt] adj.辛辣的, 开胃的,刺激的,令人兴奋的

Bland vegetables are often served with a piquant sauce.

清淡的蔬菜常以辛辣的沙司调味。

divine [di'vain] adj.神圣的, 神的 vt.推断

At last I divined the truth.

我终于看穿了事情的真相。

savory ['seivəri] adj.美味可口的, 香辣的, 令人愉快的, 体面的 n.香薄荷

This place doesn't have a very savory reputation.

这个地方的名声可不太好。

5. Unable to ________ his mother's ________ handwriting, Doug had to call her for clarification when attempting to use the recipe

A. reconfigure...illegible

B. recapitulate...lucid

C. reiterate...placid

D. recognize...cogent

E. decipher...unintelligible

answer E

reconfigure [ˌri:kən'figə] v. 重新装配, 改装

The changes you have made need to reconfigure the server. Do you want to reconfigure the server now?

所做更改需要对服务器重新进行配置。是否现在重新配置服务器?

illegible [i'ledʒəbl] adj.难辨认的, (字迹)模糊的

The lettering on the gravestone was badly worn and almost illegible.

墓碑上的文字已经严重磨损难以辨认。

recapitulate [ˌri:kə'pitjuleit] v.扼要重述

So much for the detailed argument, I will now recapitulate.

详细理由业已说完,我现在简述要旨。

lucid ['lu:sid] adj. 明白易懂的, 清晰的, 神智清醒的

She's delirious, but has lucid intervals.

她神智昏乱,但时而清醒。

reiterate [ri:'itəreit] vt.重申

The boy do not move though the teacher reiterate her command.

虽然教师一再命令,但这孩子动都不动。

placid ['plæsid] adj.平静的, 宁静的, 温和的

Immediately after, he becomes engaged to a friend of Elizabeth's, the placid, unimaginative Charlotte Lucas.

紧接着他就和伊丽莎白的女友夏绿蒂卢卡斯定了婚,她性情温和而头脑缺乏想象力。

cogent ['kəudʒənt] adj.有说服力的, 令人信服的

The lawyer's cogent arguments convince the jury.

这位律师强有力的争辩博得陪审团之信服。

decipher [di'saifə] vt.译解, 辨认

Can you decipher her scrawl?

你能辨认出她乱写的是什么吗?

unintelligible ['ʌnin'telidʒəbl] adj.难以理解的

He answered in words unintelligible to her.

他用她听不懂的话来回答。

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