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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 13

SAT单词——Day 13
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 13

1. This particular strain of the flu is extremely _________ and leaves its victims ___________, often unable even to get out of bed.

A. benign...exhausted

B. mild...incapacitated

C. harmless...energized

D. debilitating...lethargic

E. popular...revitalized

answer D

benign [bi'nain] adj.仁慈的, 温和的, 良性的

The benign weather brought North America a bumper crop.

温和的气候给北美带来大丰收。

incapacitate [ˌinkə'pæsiteit] v.使不能,使不适于

His poor health incapacitated him for work.

他健康不佳使他不能工作。

debilitate [di'biliteit] vt. 使 ... 衰弱

Stewart took over yesterday when Russell was debilitated by a stomach virus.

昨天拉塞尔因肠胃病毒感染身体不适,由斯图尔特暂时接手。

lethargic [le'θɑ:dʒik] adj.昏睡的, 困倦的, 无生气的

The hot weather made me feel lethargic.

炎热的天气使我昏昏欲睡。

revitalize [ri:'vaitəlaiz] vt.使复兴, 使振兴, 使复活,使恢复

The Chinese light industry was revitalized in the 1980's.

中国轻工业在20世纪80年代重新振兴起来。

2. The earthquake ___________ the entire village; not a single building survived the disaster.

A. preserved

B. reiterated

C. debunked

D. razed

E. salvaged

answer D

reiterate [ri:'itəreit] vt.重申

The captain reiterated the command to us.

上尉对我们重申了那项命令。

debunk ['di:'bʌŋk] v.揭穿真相,暴露

A lot of people used to believe that, but now it's been completely debunked.

过去很多人相信那种想法,但现在已经真相大白。

raze [reiz] v.夷为平地, 摧毁,消除,抹去

The city was razed by an earthquake.

地震把这个城市夷为平地。

salvage ['sælvidʒ] vt.救助, 打捞, 抢救 n.海上救助, 打捞, 抢救

The government tried to salvage several business companies from bankruptcy.

政府设法把这几个商业公司从破产境地中拯救出来。

3. The newly released version of Shakespeare’s Othello was condemned by critics for being just another __________ remake that fails to bring anything new to the movie screen.

A. innovative

B. hackneyed

C. novel

D. quixotic

E. profound

answer B

innovative ['inəuveitiv] adj.创新的, 革新的

I worked in a very innovative company.

我在一家非常富有创新精神的公司工作。

hackney ['hækni]

n. 乘用马; 操贱役的人; 出租马车 adj.陈腐的,受雇的 v.使变平凡,<>使变得世故、老练

In order to afford their son's high educational expenses, the couple had to hackney their vacant rooms.

为了支付他们儿子昂贵的学费,这对夫妇不得不出租空置的房间.

quixotic [kwik'sɔtik] adj.唐吉诃德式的,狂想家的,不切实际的

I was dumbfounded to hear him say that I was on a quixotic enterprise.

听到他说我在从事一项不切实际的事业,我大吃一惊。

4. During the economic downturn, the airline industry was on the verge of collapse, and many companies survived only because a large government __________ provided a vital ______________ of cash.

A. subsidy...infusion

B. censure...influx

C. endowment...emission

D. endorsement...alimony

E. allowance...emanation

answer A

subsidy ['sʌbsidi] n.津贴, 补助金

It's the old and the poor who suffer worst when subsidies are cut.

补助津贴一削减,最吃苦头的就是那些老人和贫民。

infusion [in'fju:ʒən] n. 注入, 灌输, 激励, 泡制

A herbal infusion or similar preparation is drunk as a beverage or for its mildly medicinal effect.

草药浸剂或类似的制剂被当做饮料或药性温和的饮品。

censure ['senʃə] n. 责难, 非难 v. 非难, 责备, 公开谴责

The senate was censured for income tax evasion.

这名参议员因为逃避缴纳所得税而受到指责。

influx ['inflʌks] n.流入, 河口,汇集,涌入

Textile workers favored protection because they feared an influx of cheap cloth.

纺织工人拥护贸易保护措施,因为他们担心涌入廉价纺织品。

endowment [in'daumənt] n.U】捐助(奖金) n.C】捐助(钱的数量), 天赋

He has natural endowments in music.

他在音乐方面有很高的天赋。

emission [i'miʃən] n.散发, 发行, 排放

In addition, wetland soils are known for methane emission, a greenhouse gas.

此外,湿地散发沼气这种温室气体,是人所共知的。

endorsement [in'dɔ:smənt] n.支持, 认可, 背书

They are now seeking endorsement for their ideas.

他们正在为他们的构想寻求支持。

alimony ['æliməni] n. (离婚后丈夫给妻子的)赡养费

Alimony is like buying oats for a dead horse.

给离婚妻子的赡养费,等于给死马买燕麦。

allowance [ə'lauəns] n.零用钱, 津贴, 限额, 允许, 折扣, 考虑

They show great anxiety concerning their retirement allowance.

他们对自己的养老金问题显得十分焦虑。

emanation [ˌemə'neiʃən] n.散发, 发出, 放射物

It is an emanation from the distance orb of immortal light.

它是从远处那个发出不灭之光的天体上放射出来的。

5. Having been __________ himself in college, Mr. Davis found it difficult to __________ his daughter for her inability to stay away from parties while at school.

A. an ascetic...castigate

B. an altruist...extol

C. a sybarite...censure

D. a philanthropist...accommodate

E. a hedonist...rebuke

answer E

ascetic [ə'setik] adj.禁欲的 n.苦行者

This is achieved by strict celibacy and ascetic practices.

这要通过严厉的独身生活和禁欲修行而达到。

castigate ['kæstigeit] v.惩罚, 严厉批评,谴责

She could not find sufficient reproaches with which to castigate herself.

她找不出充分理由非难自己。

altruist ['æltruist] n. 利他主义者, 爱他主义者

To that extent, a poor man who shares his crust with a starving friend is surely a greater altruist than either billionaire.

从这种程度上讲,和这两位亿万富翁相比,与一个要饿死的朋友分享自己面包皮的穷人当然是个更伟大的利他主义者。

extol [iks'təul] v.颂扬, 称赞

The general was extolled as the man who had led the country to victory.

这位将军被誉为领导全国赢得胜利的人。

sybarite ['sibərait] n. 沉于奢侈逸乐者, 爱奢侈享乐的人 n. 锡巴里斯的人

One of my old acquaintances is a sybarite, who likes all the splendor, luxury, and finery of Paris.

我的一个老相识是一个贪图享乐的人,他喜欢巴黎的精致,奢侈和繁华。

philanthropist [fi'lænθrəpist] n.慈善家, 博爱的人,博爱主义者

He is the only philanthropist I can think of who gave away his fortune with absolutely no strings binding its use.

他是我唯一能想到的把自己的钱财送人绝不附带任何条件的慈善家。

hedonist ['hi:dənist] n.快乐主义者,享乐主义者

He is at once a hedonist who preaches prudence and temperance, a theist who rejects divine intervention and the survival of the soul, and an atomist who upholds both mechanism and free will.

他同时是一位宣扬谨慎和节制的快乐主义者,一位反对神的介入以及灵魂生存的有神论者,并且是一位同时抱有机械主义与自由意志的原子论者。

rebuke [ri'bju:k] v. 斥责, 指责, 阻止 n. 指责, 谴责, 非难

She rebuked him strongly for his negligence.

她严厉斥责他的疏忽。

 

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