1. While writing Walden, Henry David Thoreau lived alone in a one room shack, but did not live the life of _________; he made many trips to the nearby village and entertained frequently at his house.
A. a miscreant
B. an exhibitionist
C. a recluse
D. a curator
E. a polemicist
miscreant ['miskriənt] n.歹徒, 恶棍, 异端 adj.极恶的,邪道的,异端的
How easy it has been in this febrile atmosphere to point the finger at miscreant journalists.
exhibitionist [ˌeksi'biʃənist] n. 喜欢出风头的人
Children are natural exhibitionists.
recluse [ri'klu:s] n.隐士
This recluse shunned all company.
curator [kjuə'reitə] n.(博物馆、展览馆等的)馆长, 管理者
Curator conducted the visitors round the museum.
polemicist [pə'lemisist] n. 善辩论者
2. The saleswoman has a ____________ that helps her sell more cars than anyone else at the dealership; she is ___________ in her efforts to close a deal.
doggedness ['dɔgidnis] n. 顽固, 顽强
Her doggedness and persistence finally paid off.
inexorable [in'eksərəbl] adj.无情的, 不可阻挡的, 坚决不变的 n.坚定不移的人
Our reform made an inexorable march of progress.
pertinacity [ˌpə:ti'næsiti] n. 不屈不挠, 固执, 顽固
An expert problem-solver must be endowed with two incompatible qualities – a restless imagination and a patient pertinacity.
lackadaisical [ˌlækə'deizikl] adj.无精打采的, 懒散的
The Georgian era was not just a peaceful one for the church, but also an apparently lackadaisical one.
diffidence ['difidəns] n. 无自信, 内向, 羞怯
It is with diffidence and hesitation that I approach this work.
submissive [səb'misiv] adj.服从的, 顺从的
He is a humble and submissive servant.
temerity [ti'meriti] n.鲁莽, 大胆
He had the temerity to ask for higher wages after only a day's work.
munificent [mju:'nifisnt] adj. 慷慨的, 大方的
And despite Mr Bush’s munificent gesture, American firms may also miss out on the coming boom in India’s civil-nuclear industry.
tenacity [ti'næsiti] n. 坚韧, 固执, 不屈不挠, 顽固
Tenacity is one quality that marks them out.
indolent ['indələnt] adj.懒惰的, 慢性的
I don't want to make friends with indolent persons.
3. Rita was understandably consumed by ___________ when she was forced to put her beloved seventeen year-old cat to sleep.
inversion [in'və:ʃən] n.倒转, 反向, 倒置, [语法]倒装法
The basic idea behind dependency inversion is that objects should be dependent upon abstractions and not upon implementations.
anguish ['æŋgwiʃ] n.苦闷, 痛苦 v.（使）极苦闷, （使）极痛苦
Nothing can take away the anguish of losing a child.
frivolity [fri'vɔliti] n.轻浮, 轻薄, 轻佻
His frivolity annoys the other people in the office.
hilarity [hi'læriti] n.欢喜, 高兴, 兴高采烈
The announcement was greeted with much hilarity and mirth.
sluggishness ['slʌgiʃnis] n. 惯性, 惰性, 低灵敏度, 停滞
Deciding how worrying this is depends on what lies behind the sluggishness.
4. The epidemiologists were astonished by the incredible rate at which the virus was ____________; few had ever seen anything replicate at such a remarkable speed.
pontificate [pɔn'tifikit] v.武断地或自封为权威地谈论某事物 n.(教皇的)职位或任期
He sat there pontificating about the legal system although it was clear that he knew very little about it.
diverge [dai'və:dʒ] v.分歧, 分叉, [数]发散
The M6 diverges from the M1 just north of Rugby.
saturate ['sætʃəreit] v.使浸透, 使充满, 使饱和 adj.浸透的,饱和的,深颜色的
We lay on the beach, saturated in sunshine.
proliferate [prə'lifəreit] v.繁殖, 增生, 使 ... 激增, 使 ... 扩散
Its phenomenal success has led to a worldwide fever to proliferate dot.com companies, both as a prestigious symbol and a quicker way to wealth.
dissipate ['disipeit] v.驱散, 消散, 散去, 浪费, 挥霍, 放荡
He soon dissipated his fortune.
5. Despite being from the wealthiest family in Australia, Leah was __________ and sometimes even __________ with her money, refusing to waste even a few dollars.
prudent ['pru:dənt] adj.谨慎的, 有远见的, 精明的
Prudent man always fits his standard of living to his budget.
munificent [mju:'nifisnt] adj. 慷慨的, 大方的
When he saw me, he made a low bow and assured me that I was a munificent patron of art.
thrifty ['θrifti] adj.节俭的, 兴旺的,茁壮的
Mr. Thompson is so thrifty that he is able to save more than half of his weekly salary.
stingy ['stindʒi] adj. 吝啬的, 小气的
It is strange that such a rich man should be so stingy.
frugal ['fru:gəl] adj.节俭的, 省钱的
As far as oil energy is concerned, we cannot be too frugal.
outspoken [aut'spəukən] adj.直言无讳的, 坦率的
Dr. Ramsay's outspoken bluffness made him easier to deal with.
extravagant [iks'trævəgənt] adj.奢侈的, 浪费的, 过度的, 大量的
In his youth, he was an extravagant epicurean.
improvident [im'prɔvidənt] adj.不顾将来的, 无远见的, 不节约的, 不经济的
Her improvident speech at the meeting has set a stone rolling.
reckless ['reklis] adj.鲁莽的, 不计后果的, 大意的
He's quite reckless of his own safety.
miserly ['maizəli] adj.吝啬的, 少量的
Sheer necessity had made the poor girl so miserly that Gtandet had come to feel the affection for her a man feels for his dog.
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