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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 15

SAT单词——Day 15
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 15

1. After two consecutive weeks of grueling practice Tony got a much needed ___________ from his workout with the arrival of spring break.

A. continuance

B. encore

C. respite

D. commencement

E. conviction

Answer C

continuance [kən'tinjuəns] n.继续, 停留,持续, []延期审理

Continuance of the war will mean shortage of the food.

战争的持续意味着食品短缺。

encore [ɔŋ'kɔ:] n.再演, 加演, 安可曲 v.要求加演

The group gave three encores.

演出小组又演出了三个节目。

respite ['respit] n. 暂缓, 缓刑 vt. 延迟, 推延

The noise went on all night without a moment's respite.

噪音一刻不停地持续了一整夜。

commencement [kə'mensmənt] n.开始, 毕业典礼

At commencement, academic degrees are officially given.

在毕业典礼上,学位被正式颁发。

conviction [kən'vikʃən] n.坚信, 定罪, 信服

I speak in the full conviction that I will win.

我深信我会赢。

2. Throughout his time in school, Email has always been a ____________; his __________ antics may have won favor with some of the teachers, but most could see through his superficial flattery.

A. toady...irreverent

B. sycophant...fawning

C. lackey...insubordinate

D. mercenary...intractable

E. clairvoyant...altruistic

Answer B

toady ['təudi] n.谄媚者,拍马屁的人 v.谄媚,拍马屁

He toadied to his boss for promotion.

他为升职向老板献殷勤。

irreverent [i'revərənt] adj.不敬的, 不逊的, 无礼的

She employs an irreverent humor to salt her observation.

她运用玩世不恭的幽默使她的评论更加有趣。

sycophant ['sikəfənt] n. 马屁精

Bestowing favor on a dubious sycophant often lead to the downfall of dynasties.

宠用奸佞是历代王朝亡国的重要原因。

fawning ['fɔ:niŋ] adj. 奉承的, 乞怜的

He was fawning on a damsel with soft words.

他正用甜言蜜语向一位少女献殷勤。

lackey ['læki] n.仆人,侍从,走狗,马屁精 v.服侍,侍候,奉承

And who would have thought that Fredo would become a lackey of women?

谁能料到弗列特竟堕落成女人脚下的哈巴狗。

insubordinate [ˌinsə'bɔ:dinit] adj.不顺从的,反抗的

He has a history of insubordinate behavior.

他有违抗行为的记载。

mercenary ['mə:sineri] adj. 唯利是图的, 雇佣的 n. 唯利是图的人, 雇佣兵

Those mercenaries were hired to fight.

那些雇佣兵被雇佣来打仗。

intractable [in'træktəbl] adj.难驾驭的, 倔强的, 难加工的, 难治疗的

At bottom we knew how intractable the world was.

实际上,我们知道这个世界是多么难对付。

clairvoyant [klɛə'vɔiənt] adj.千里眼的,透视的, 有洞察力的 n.有洞察力的人,千里眼

It is said that love is blind but friendship is clairvoyant.

有道是爱是盲目的,友谊是可以透视的。

altruistic [ˌæltru'istik] adj.利他主义的, 无私的

He also tried to strengthen altruistic tendencies whenever he found them.

只要他发现利他主义的倾向,他都尽力支持。

3. The decade following the Great Depression was one of ___________, in which the United States began the slow return to economic stability.

A. inflammation

B. acrimony

C. mirth

D. aggregation

E. recovery

Answer E

inflammation [ˌinflə'meiʃən] n.发炎, 炎症, 燃烧,激动

He got an inflammation of passion.

他情绪激动。

acrimony ['ækriməni] n.(语言, 态度等)刻薄,辛辣

The dispute was settled without acrimony.

这场争论未剑拔弩张而获得解决。

mirth [mə:θ] n.欢乐, 欢笑

The announcement was greeted with much hilarity and mirth.

这一项宣布引起了热烈的欢呼声。

aggregation [ˌægri'geiʃən] n. 集合, 聚合, 集合体

The aggregation of immense farms under white ownership was a trend at that time.

大规模的农场聚集在白人的所有权之下,这在当时是一股潮流。

recovery [ri'kʌvəri] n.恢复, 痊愈, 复原, 重获

His prescription for economic recovery was not well received.

他为经济复苏提出的对策反应不佳。

4. As a gourmet, Jorge bemoaned the ____________ of good restaurants in his new home city.

A. paucity

B. quality

C. surfeit

D. conglomeration

E. consumption

Answer A

paucity ['pɔ:siti] n.少数, 少量

The results are often unsatisfactory because of the paucity of cells.

因为细胞稀少,结果令人不满意。

surfeit ['sə:fit] n.过食, 过量 v.暴食, 过分沉溺

There has been a surfeit of plays about divorce on the TV recently.

最近有关离婚的电视剧太多了。

conglomeration [kənˌglɔmə'reiʃən] n.聚集, 凝聚, 混合物

There was such a diabolical conglomeration of mustache, glasses, fairly bushy eyebrows and knitted lines where the eyebrows met!

他的髭须,眼镜,又粗又厚的眉毛,和两眉间的皱纹,合组而成一个恶魔似的容貌。

5. Before Dr. Shutkin's experiments demonstrated that the new fuel was harmless to the environment, ecologists regarded its benefits as merely ___________ rather than proven.

A. speculative

B. lucid

C. dynamic

D. fastidious

E. monotonous

Answer A

speculative ['spekjuˌlətiv] adj. 推测的, 推理的, 思索的, 投机的

His conclusions are purely speculative.

他的结论完全是推测而来的。

lucid ['lu:sid] adj. 明白易懂的, 清晰的, 神智清醒的

She's delirious, but has lucid intervals.

她神智昏乱,但时而清醒。

dynamic [dai'næmik] adj.动力的, 动态的, 有活力的 n.动力, 动力学

He has a dynamic personality.

他是个个性活跃的人。

fastidious [fæs'tidiəs] adj.过分讲究的, 挑剔的, 苛求的,一丝不苟的

She is so fastidious about her food that I never invite her for dinner.

她对食物过于挑剔,因此我从不请她吃饭。

monotonous [mə'nɔtənəs] adj. 单调的

The explorer live on a monotonous diet of bean and rice.

探险者靠吃豆子和米饭这些单调的食物为生。

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