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昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > SAT > 学术动态 > SAT单词——Day 16

SAT单词——Day 16
发布时间:2013-05-30 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

SAT单词——Day 16

1. Although the __________ despot had spent much of the previous thirty years persecuting his citizens, his recent near-death experience has turned him into a much less _________ ruler.

A. repugnant...beneficent

B. liberal...abominable

C. nefarious...odious

D. patriarchal...vile

E. malevolent...mellifluous

Answer C

repugnant [ri'pʌgnənt] adj.令人厌恶的, 讨厌的, 抵触的

I find his racist views totally repugnant.

我十分厌恶他的种族主义观点。

beneficent [bi'nefisnt] adj.行善的, 慈善的, 仁慈的

Unfortunately, history offers no guarantee that a more humane and beneficent style of life inevitably prevails.

可惜历史并没有保证那更人道,更慈善的生活方式必须获胜。

liberal ['libərəl] adj.慷慨的, 大方的, 开明的, 自由主义的 n.自由主义者, 开明的人

His views lack consistency: one day he's a conservative, the next he's a liberal.

他的观点缺乏一贯性:时而保守,时而开明。

abominable [ə'bɔminəbl] adj.讨厌的, 令人憎恶的, 糟糕的

The food in this hotel is abominable.

这家旅馆的饭菜糟透了。

nefarious [ni'fɛəriəs] adj.违法的,邪恶的

Another non-nefarious cause of increasing income disparity may be our ever-higher immigration rates.

造成收入差距加大的另一个不可指责的原因或许是攀升的移民率。

odious ['əudiəs] adj.可憎的, 讨厌的, 令人作呕的

This place has an odious smell; something must be rotten.

这个地方有一股臭味,一定有东西腐烂了。

patriarchal [ˌpeitri'ɑ:kəl] adj.家长的, 族长的, 由族长统治的

After World War I there was a general rebellion of youth against "old fashioned" ideas, particularly patriarchal family relationships.

一次世界大战后,青年们普遍反对老式思想,特别是反对家长式的家庭关系。

vile [vail] adj.恶劣的, 简陋的, 低廉的

This accusation of bribery is a vile smear on an honorable citizen.

这项有关贿赂的指控是对一个正直公民的无耻诽谤。

malevolent [mə'levələnt] adj. 有恶意的, 恶毒的

As father Ralph came in holding Meggie's hand, her malevolent gaze beat the child's down.

当拉尔夫神父拉着麦琪的手走进来时,她那恶毒的眼光马上压倒了孩子。

mellifluous [mə'lifluəs] adj.如蜜般的,流畅的, 甜美的

Her voice was distinctive, soft and mellifluous.

她的嗓音甜美,清脆而柔和。

2. Several of Huffman's characters are _________, and so resist any impulse to __________ the social standards of their times.

A. heretical...denounce

B. obsequious...assimilate to

C. recalcitrant...migrate to

D. itinerant...habituate to

E. iconoclastic...conform to

Answer E

heretical [hi'retikəl] adj. 异教的, 异端的

In the old days he had hidden a heretical mind beneath an appearance of conformity.

在过去,他在服从的外表下隐藏着异端的思想。

denounce [di'nauns] v.谴责, 告发, 通告废除

The minister's action was denounced in the newspaper.

部长的行为受到报界的指责。

obsequious [əb'si:kwiəs] adj.谄媚的, 奉承的, 顺从的

He is a worker who is obsequious to the boss.

他是一个对老板卑躬屈膝的人。

assimilate [ə'simileit] v.使同化, 吸收 n.被同化的事物

The U.S. A. has assimilated people from many different countries.

美国已经同化了许多来自不同国家的人。

recalcitrant [ri'kælsitrənt] adj.反抗的, 顽强的

One of Nixon's favorite maneuvers was to call a meeting for which everybody's view except one recalcitrant's was either known to him or prearranged by him.

尼克松最喜欢的权术之一是,召集一个会议,除了犯上不服的以外,每个与会者的观点要么尼克松早已事先知道,要么就是他事先一手安排好的。

migrate ['maigreit] vi.迁移, 迁徙, 转移

In winter many of our birds migrate from here to warmer countries.

我们有许多鸟儿冬天从这里迁徙到比较温暖的国家去。

itinerant [i'tinərənt] adj.巡回的, 流动的 n.巡回者

I've been an itinerant singer, a circus rider, when I used to vault like Leotard, and dance on a rope like Blondin.

我作过闯江湖的歌手,当过马戏班的演员,我能像雷欧达一样在悬空的秋千架上飞腾,我能像布龙丹一样在绳索上跳舞。

habituate [hə'bitjueit] v. 使习惯于

One can habituate oneself to living alone, though rarely with any pleasure.

虽然独自一人生活很少会有乐趣,但还是可以习惯的。

iconoclastic [aiˌkɔnə'klæstik] adj.打破旧习的, 破除因袭的

The first performance of the iconoclastic composition caused a tremendous hullabaloo in the audience.

第一场打破传统习俗作品的表演在观众中引起了极大的骚动。

3. Lacking the natural _________ of so many other dancers, Helene nevertheless manages __________ on stage that belies the toil she has endured to achieve the appearance of grace.

A. nimbleness...an ineptitude

B. agility...a deftness

C. poise...a treachery

D. cunning...an aptitude

E. dexterity...an idiosyncrasy

Answer B

nimbleness | 'nɪmblnɪs] n. 灵活, 敏捷; 聪明, 机灵

She knitted a pair of mittens for me with her nimble fingers.

她用灵巧的双手为我织了一幅手套。

ineptitude [i'neptitju:d] n.不适当, 愚笨, 愚昧的言行

The Prime Minister kept on top of the Opposition more by their ineptitude than by his own skill.

是反对党的无能,而非是他个人的领导艺术,使该首相处于优势地位。

agility [ə'dʒiliti] n. 敏捷, 灵活, 轻快

He had luck and much agility and unusual strength, that he should have thus saved himself from such a pass.

他靠了运气,轻快敏捷的动作和超凡出群的气力,才在这样一场灾祸中救出自己。

deftness ['deftnis] n. 灵巧, 熟练, 敏捷

I'm greatly impressed by your deftness in handling the situation.

你处理这个局面的机敏令我印象十分深刻。

poise [pɔiz] n.平衡, 姿势, 镇静 v.使 ... 平衡, 保持 ... 姿势, 做准备,盘旋

We admired the graceful poise of the dancer.

我们很欣赏那位舞蹈演员的优美舞姿。

treachery ['tretʃəri] n.叛变, 背叛

For the next eight or ten months, Olive was the victim of a systematic course of treachery and deception.

在此后的八至十个月内,奥利弗遭到一整套背信弃义和欺诈行为的荼毒。

cunning ['kʌniŋ] adj.狡猾的, 有眼光的, 精巧的, 可爱的

The fox is known for its cleverness and cunning.

狐狸的机敏和狡猾是人所共知的。

aptitude ['æptitju:d] n.天资, 资质, 才能, 倾向

Edison had a remarkable aptitude for inventing new things.

爱迪生具有发明创造的非凡才能。

dexterity [deks'teriti] n.灵巧, 机敏, 熟练, 手艺

The negotiations will call for considerable dexterity.

进行这些谈判需要相当圆滑的手腕。

idiosyncrasy [ˌidiə'siŋkrəsi] n.特质

One of her little idiosyncrasies is always washing in cold water.

她有个怪习惯,就是洗什么都爱用冷水。

4. Julia feared that her 6-month hiatus from playing the piano would cause her musical skills to __________.

A. atrophy

B. align

C. develop

D. reconcile

E. disseminate

Answer A

atrophy ['ætrəfi] n.萎缩, 衰退, 虚脱,萎缩症 v.萎缩, 衰退, 虚脱

Muscles may atrophy or lose their tone, but they won't turn to fat.

肌肉可能萎缩或失去弹性,但是它们不能变成脂肪。

align [ə'lain] vt.使结盟, 使一致, 使成一行, 调整, 排列 vi.成一条线

Our company should align ourselves with theirs.

我们的公司必须与他们的公司合作。

reconcile ['rekənsail] v.调和, 和解, 妥协, 一致

We tried to reconcile her with her family.

我们试图让她和她的家庭和好。

disseminate [di'semineit] vt.散播, 公开,宣传

They use the press to disseminate right-wing views.

他们利用报刊来传播右翼观点。

5. Senator Harris is widely viewed as a ________ orator; his speeches are full of __________ commentary and domineering opinions.

A. vindictive...pedantic

B. conciliatory...treacherous

C. didactic...moralizing

D. dogmatic...meek

E. simplistic...prosaic

Answer C

vindictive [vin'diktiv] adj.有报仇心的, 怀恨的, 惩罚的

It is not right to harbor vindictive feelings.

怀有报复的念头是不对的。

pedantic [pi'dæntik] adj.迂腐的, 卖弄学问的, 学究式的

Along with that, it must be added, went a strong pedantic and antiquarian strain.

必须指出一股强烈的学究尚古风气也随之产生了。

conciliatory [kən'siliətəri] adj.调和的, 安抚的

His letter was couched in conciliatory terms.

他那封信里使用了表示和解的言辞。

treacherous ['tretʃərəs] adj.背信弃义的, 背叛的, 不可靠的, 危险的

He thinks that she is his friend, but she is treacherous.

他认为她是他的朋友,但是她是个奸诈的人。

didactic [di'dæktik] adj.教诲的, 说教的

I don't like her didactic way of explaining everything.

我不喜欢她那种像教小孩子一样解释一切的方法。

moralize ['mɔrəlɚiz] v. 说教; 论道德; 从道德上解释; 教化

He ought to have been a parson, so good is he at moralizing on the right way for people to behave.

教导人们要守规矩他可是在行得很,他本该干牧师这一行。

dogmatic [dɔg'mætik] adj.教条的, 武断的

"I am no longer dogmatic about anything." she smiled.

我对任何事情不再抱有独断的想法,她微笑着。

meek [mi:k] adj. 温顺的, 谦恭的

She is as meek as a lamb.

她像小羊一样温顺。

simplistic [sim'plistik] adj.过分简单化的

It is perhaps worthwhile to use a simplistic model.

用最简单的模式也许是值得的。

prosaic [prəu'zeiik] adj.单调乏味的,散文的,平淡无奇的,无想象力的

The office seems so dull and prosaic after Pine Ridge.

从松岭回来后,办公室似乎变得枯燥无味了。

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