WRITING SECTION Integrated writing task Topic discussed: 欧洲人 和 亚洲人谁西安到大北美？
Reading: 欧洲人 科学家发现到达North America最早的inhabitants是欧洲人，而不是之前认为的亚洲人，给出三个理由：
科学家在欧洲和北美都发现了spear points，而且都是single，large and sharp blade，但是亚洲的spear point很小
欧洲人可以穿越Atlantic Ocean，因为海路相对方便，并且一路上的ice可以用作resource of water
北美和欧洲的spear point发展过程是独立的，欧洲的spear大是因为他们要hunt mammals
最后是那个时期，在欧洲人那儿没有发现boat、钓鱼工具等等，说明他们对航海没啥经验，lack of experience of sea travel会让他们不容易存活下来。
inhabitant居民 spear矛，长枪 mammal 哺乳动物
Independent writing task Essay question Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Our society today is so busy and crowded that people do not need to be polite to each other. 【话题提示】 礼貌礼仪是必须的，无论社会、生活的脚步和节奏有多快，礼貌是中规则。 首先，礼貌可以维护亲友之间的关系。 其次，工作场合中通情达理、有礼有节是基本的社交规则。最后，礼节是个人最好的名片，对于名人更加有效。 Words and expressions conventional 传统的 consequence 后果 courtesy 礼貌 interpersonal 人际的 manner 规矩，礼貌 Sample answer
People today enjoy great material wealth due to hard work, but some complain that people today are less polite than they used to be. Extremists argue that people do not need to have the conventional social norms, such as saying hello to other people, because those manners are a waste of time. However, I think politeness is important in many aspects of modern life. First, in dealing relationships with family and friend, people need to be polite and considerate. Many young people today claim that they are too busy to call their parents and contact their friends. Once, I refused to spend time talking with parents, using the excuse that I had too much work. The consequence was that my mother got angry and hung up the phone. Our relationship was strained, but I soon realized my rudeness and apologized to my mother. My mother forgave me because I showed my respect and concern for her. This situation is also true for friends. Politeness is a bond in relationships with close family members and friends. Second, in a working environment, one needs to obey the basic social norms of courtesy for interpersonal communication. Consider a rude colleague who is always short and unpleasant with his coworkers. Not many people are willing to work with him, because he does not show any basic skills or ability to deal with people. On the contrary, a coworker who smiles and acts respectfully towards others will certainly be more popular and easier to work with. Obviously, politeness will never be outdated, no matter how busy the world becomes.
Third, in the political realm and entertainment industry, celebrities need to show a gracious and friendly manner in order to maintain a positive image. All politicians have a hectic agenda. But when they are giving a speech to the public, politicians need to dress appropriately and speak in a certain way. Patience when answering questions is also a must. Similarly, a famous movie star or a pop singer needs to show a friendly attitude towards any crazy fan. Otherwise, the printing media will make a big deal out of his/her unappreciative manner towards fans. In conclusion, though the world today drives people to work like machines, politeness is a prerequisite for people to have a satisfying home life and a fulfilling career.