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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2013.07.13写作

托福机经2013.07.13写作
发布时间:2013-10-17 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: reintroduce wolves 到底好不好?

Notes

Reading:

黄石公园从其他地方引入狼来解决狼的数量减少的问题,这个做法有3个风险:

l  引入的狼群会破坏当地原本的生态平衡,麋鹿数量减少

l  破坏农场的经济收益,因其可能会捕食家畜

l  狼群数量不断增长最终会对人类构成威胁

Lecture:

持反对意见

l  有利于生态系统维系平衡,狼若太少鹿就会过多。现引入狼,则可维系物种之间的数量平衡。

l  不会对农场经济造成影响。一则狼只有在自然界食物短缺时才会猎食家禽,二则政府也会给予农场补贴。

l  引入狼不会对人类构成威胁。人们只是听到狼叫害怕,但史上很少有狼攻击人的实例发生,且无一例与引入狼有关。

Glossary

elk 麋鹿

rancher 牧场主

predator 捕食动物

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: People rely on their neighbors less now than they did in the past.

【话题提示】

时代发展,人们的生活方式也随之发生翻天覆地的变化,邻里关系是否也随时改变?城市设施的齐全化及人口迁移的因素势必会对以往互相扶持依靠的邻里关系造成一定影响,选好观点及切入点,进行展开。

Words and expressions

Industrialization 工业化

Modernization 现代化

facility 设施

generation 一代

Sample answer

Today rapid development and industrialization has allowed for people to lead more independent lives. As a result, people are not as dependent on their neighbors as they were in the past.

Before cities exploded into super metropolises, many people lived in the countryside and worked as a farmer. People lived in small villages far away from towns and cities. Sometimes the nearest doctor or hospital was several hours away. For safety and support people had to rely on their neighbors. If a neighbor was building a barn, for example, every hand was needed to help raise the barn walls, so all of the neighbor would help. Nowadays, more and more people are moving to cities and towns, where construction companies build houses and hospitals are easily accessed. Neighbors are no longer necessary for one to get by.

Modernization has also made it unnecessary for people to rely on their neighbors. In the past, stores did not stay open very late. If my grandmother discovered while she was cooking dinner that she did not have enough flour, she would not go to the store. Instead, she would go over to the neighbor’s to borrow a cup of flour, with the understanding that they were welcome to come borrow food from her at any time. Now, since there are convenience stores on each street corner which stay open at all hours, we go to the stores instead of going to our neighbors.

Another reason that people depend less on their neighbor is because of the constant movement of people from one place to another. In my building alone, I have had a new next-door neighbor every six months. I have also moved three times in the past four years. You cannot rely on your neighbors as much anymore, because chances are that you do not know your neighbors. For my grandmother it was different, she lived in the same apartment for thirty years. When my parents moved to a new apartment with more modern facilities, she chose to stay in her old apartment because she did not want to move away from her neighbors. The current generation does not see the need to rely on their neighbors as much as previous generation.

The mass migration of people from the countryside to the city coupled with the modernization and development of newer buildings in the city has weakened the relationship between neighbors. People are more independent and do not need to rely on their neighbors as much.

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