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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2013.07.14写作

托福机经2013.07.14写作
发布时间:2013-10-17 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: 火星 是否比 去月球更难?

Notes

Reading: Mars比去moon困难许多:

l  没有足够的供给suppliesfoodwateroxygen

l  zero gravity失重对身体不好,住几个月会患上骨质疏松(reduction in bone density

l  太阳射线伤害,超过了危险级别,携带防辐射的big shield又太重,不可能

 

Lecture: 教授反驳:已经解决:

l  无土栽培植物,可以提供食物和氧气,净化水和实现水循环。

l  很多在空间站的宇航员有经验,能在长时间失重环境下通过运动来减缓骨质疏松。

l  太阳射线偶尔才达到危险级别对人造成伤害,可以携带small shield,太阳辐射大时用来躲避,辐射不大的时候就出来,这样不用太重的big shield

 

Glossary

zero gravity失重

reduction in bone density骨质疏松

shield屏蔽物

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People are more friendly in the past than today.

【话题提示】

人与人之间的关系,现在与过去相比,哪一个更融洽?

首先,过去人们有更多交流的机会。

其次,现代社会节奏加快,人们对于闲聊兴趣降低。

最后,尽管现代社会有了网络社交工具,但其作用无法与传统的面对面交流相比,甚至还会令使用者变得更加冷漠。

Words and expressions

genial 友善的

interact 交流,互动

frantic 狂躁的

courtesy 礼貌

social networking services(SNS) 网络社交工具

disembodied 无实质的

Sample answer

Some will say that the past is unduly romanticized as a friendlier time-that people could not have been much better-disposed than they are today. But I am not so sure. There are a number of reasons why people may have been more genial back in the day.

 

For one thing, people in the past interacted with each other in person more than we do today, and this naturally resulted in a comparatively higher level of friendliness. The reason people interacted more was because they had fewer technological distractions. Back then, it was both routine and enjoyable to shoot the breeze with others while waiting for a trolley or sitting on your front porch after work. Socializing face to face with complete strangers was commonplace. Nowadays, however, people have all sorts of devices like smart phones, e-readers, and iPods that draw them into their own private worlds even while out in public. While taking the subway to work, you will rarely see two people strangers talking unless it is to yell at each other. More likely, they will be totally absorbed by the miniature screens in front of them.

 

For another thing, the pace of life today is much faster than it was in the past, and as a result, people today are much more hurried and much less friendly. Those living in modern society tend to have little patience for idle conversation, as they are always on their way to do something or see someone. The leisurely daily rhythms characterizing past eras have been replaced by a frantic rush to accomplish as much as humanly possible. This has led to friendliness, and often even courtesy, taking a backseat to efficient and mechanical interactions..

 

Granted, people today are also much more connected via non-traditional mediums than they were in the past. Thanks to computers, the internet, and social networking services like Weibo and Renren, people can keep in touch with each other no matter where they are in the world. However, this type of connection is a poor substitute for face-to-face interaction and does not necessarily encourage friendliness. In fact, it may make us even colder towards others because we become accustomed to viewing people as remote, disembodied data. The shallow interactions facilitated by technology may actually deepen the divide between us rather than bring us closer together..

 

People in the past moved through life at a more leisurely pace, and they did not have the technological distractions that we have today. Though technology is often seen as a tool that connects people, it may in fact have the opposite effect. For these reasons, people in the past were probably friendlier than people today.

 

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