top

昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2013.07.20写作

托福机经2013.07.20写作
发布时间:2013-10-17 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: 火星 是否比 去月球更难?

Notes

Reading: 讲的是地球有一段时间(地球新纪元Epoch)气温特别高,两极地区都有热带生物存在。文章给出了三个猜想为什么这样的温度激增会发生:

l  change of ocean current from tropics to pole

洋流改变方向,导致其热带的暖流流向两极。

l  magnetic particles生热

地球有一个岩层含有很多磁性颗粒,据此可以推论出当初有一次很大的陨石撞击地球(an enormous comet struck Earth)导致温度上升。

l  Methane emitted from ocean

海洋中的甲烷从海洋中释放出来加剧了温室效应,导致温度上升。

 

Lecture: 反驳

l  根据computer modeling of currents,确实有洋流,但带来的热量比warming需要的热量少,不至于使整个星球变暖。

l  新研究发现,那一层磁性颗粒magnetic particles是一种primitive bacteria形成的化石,因此仅凭这一个证据不能证明是陨石。

l  大气中积累足够多的甲烷并释放热量需要上千年的时间才能导致全球变暖,然而资料表明甲烷释放和温度激增是同时发生的,所以不可能。

 

Glossary

ocean current洋流

magnetic particles磁性颗粒

methane甲烷

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents now spend too much time on determining the futures of their children; children should be allowed to make their own choices. .

【话题提示】

家长对于孩子的将来操心过多,孩子应当有权自己选择要走的路,家长全权包办将会导致诸多恶果。

首先,孩子可能会从事一份体面但却并不喜欢的工作。

其次,家长事事都管会间接抑制孩子独立思考、自主选择能力的发展。

再者,如果家长能够放手,相信孩子与父母间的关系也能更融洽。

Words and expressions

manifest 表明

predetermine 预先决定

contentment 满足

autonomously 独立自主地

Sample answer

Parents generally want the best for their children. However, their good intentions can sometimes manifest as a need to manage every aspect of their childrens lives. I think this is unproductive and unhealthy.

 

First of all, this sets children up for a great deal of confusion and unhappiness later in life, when they discover that they dont actually want to follow the paths their parents set out for them, For example, I have several friends who are pursuing respectable careers that were predetermined by their parents, but almost all of these friends are unhappy and wish that they had chased their true passions instead. One is pre-med and wants to be a painter. Another is going into law but regrets not pursuing music. True, these types of passions may not be the most gainful or practical, but they can be highly rewarding and bring more contentment than well-paying careers that are of no personal interest. By letting children make their own choices, parents give children the chance to discover genuine happiness.

 

Moreover, by allowing children to determine their own futures, you are teaching them a valuable life skill: independent decision-making. This can be a big professional asset, as it is crucial if you hope to be any sort of a leader. Children who have their lives directed by adults will come to rely on authority figures for guidance. Such children would feel helpless and lost when required to act autonomously, since they are so accustomed to others making big decisions for them. They would make excellent subordinates, but leadership positions would be out of their reach; people only follow those with the confidence to pursue their own ideals. By letting children make their own choices, parents train children to become good leaders.

 

Finally, parents can improve their relationship with their children when they allow children to dictate the terms of their lives. Giving children a say in the matter shows that you respect and acknowledge them. When you make all of a childs decisions for them, what youre saying is: I dont trust you to think for yourself. Children may not consciously realize this, of course, but they will feel it, and this will shape the parent-child relationship. Intimacy is incredibly difficult to achieve under this framework. But by letting children make their own choices, parents can open the door to a closer and warmer relationship with their children.

 

A parents urge to control their kids life is understandable, but misguided. Though parents are just trying to ensure the best future for their children, it ends up doing more harm than good. In the long run, it is still best to let kids carve their own paths.

 

分享到:
评论·留言
开放课堂 更多
  • 新概念II全册进阶迷你班(155807)
    主讲人:俞博珺
      时间:每周五 18:30-21:00
     
  • 哈佛少儿中外教特色2A班(163061)
    主讲人:王思超
      时间:每周五 18:30-20:30
     
  • 哈佛讲座
    主讲人:马馨
      时间:每周日 上午10:00-11:00
     
热荐课程 更多
  • 哈佛少儿中外教特色2A班-WY-ZP-1...
      开班时间:2016-11-15
      上课时间:16:30-19:00
      价格:8800
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 新概念II下半册进阶班(49-96课...
      开班时间:2017-01-08
      上课时间:09:00-11:30
      价格:6000
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 新概念II下半册进阶班(49-96课...
      开班时间:2017-01-08
      上课时间:18:00-20:30
      价格:6000
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 小升初考证3E笔试3级班-YY-ZS-1...
      开班时间:2016-07-04
      上课时间:09:00-11:30
      价格:3980
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 新概念II下半册进阶班(49-96课...
      开班时间:2016-11-06
      上课时间:15:30-18:00
      价格:6000
     
    在线预约立减50元
专题· 更多