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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.03.16写作

托福机经2014.03.16写作
发布时间:2014-04-11 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: 关于动物保护,讨论土拨鼠的生存。

Notes

Reading: 

l 土拨鼠是农业的害虫

l 他们身上的病毒或者疾病会传染人

l 他们在生态系统中的地位不高

Lecture: 反驳

l 研究说明土拨鼠不是害虫,有土拨鼠的地方,草地更加肥沃

l 它们身上的东西不传染人,而且数据显示每年接触土拨鼠的人很少

l 食物链中的每一个都很重要,破坏一个就可能有消极影响

Glossary

pest 害虫

fertile肥沃

 

背景知识补充:

土拨鼠是松鼠家族中温厚的、大腹便便的成员。它们大约有一只猫那样大,并且在受到惊吓时会发出刺耳的尖叫声。土拨鼠很少讨人喜爱,在蒙古大草原发现的波班克品种土拨鼠特别容易感染鼠疫杆菌,这种细菌可以引起肺部感染,传播通常大家所知道的腹股沟淋巴结炎瘟疫。

受细菌感染的土拨鼠通过咳嗽将这种病菌传染给它们的邻居,传染给跳蚤、老鼠,最后是人类。所有横扫东亚到欧洲的、大规模瘟疫的罪魁祸首就是来自蒙古的土拨鼠。据估计,因患这种病而死亡的人数超过了10亿,这使得土拨鼠仅次于传染疟疾的蚊子,成为人类的第二杀手。

当土拨鼠和人类传染上这种疾病时,在他们的腋窝下和腹股沟中的淋巴腺变黑,并出现肿胀。人们将这些出现疼痛的地方称为“buboes”(腹股沟淋巴结炎),它来自希腊语的“boubon”“groin”(腹股沟)这个字从此被“bubonic”(腹股沟腺炎)所代替。蒙古人从来不吃土拨鼠的腋窝,因为它们容纳着一个死去猎人的灵魂

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

Do you agree or disagreeIt is easier to be well-educated today than it is in the past.

【话题提示】

1. 观点: 现今社会更容易获得良好的教育

2. 论点a: 教育政策的实施使每个人都有获得教育的机会

3. 论点b: 人们观点的进步使人们愿意在教育上做更多的投入

4. 论点c: 获得教育的途径较以前更多

5. 结尾

Sample answer

With the arrival of the 21st century, life has dramatically changed in many aspects in
comparison to that in the past, patterns of socializing, methods of communication and ways
of interaction. People may not feel adaptive and comfortable to all these changes, but, in
terms of education, I think, most of people will agree that it’s easier to get good education
than before.
   First, this progress is contributed to the policy of 9-year compulsory education, which formulates that people in certain ages have the right to get free education in primary and junior middle schools. In order to implement this policy, the government inputs a great amount of human and financial resources to build schools and improve teachers’ quality. And we can see achievements in this field. In the past, only people with financial conditions were able to go to schools, but nowadays, all people, whether rich or poor, can study in schools. So, it’s easier for people to get education.
   Another reason is attributed to the improvement of people’s concept. In old days, people were able to make a living by manual labor, which didn’t require much knowledge. But in our age, a highly-industrialized society, it’s impossible for people to live on physical work anymore. The importance of knowledge has won higher position than before. People are willing to input more in education, they hope to have a bright future through receiving good education, that’s why people are well-educated than before.
   The last reason is with most persuasion. Thanks to the development of technology, people have various methods to get education. Apart from going to schools and sitting in classrooms, people can study knowledge and get academic information they’re interested in through on-line classes, correspondence courses and wiki encyclopedia. Most of these new teaching methods don’t set requirements in students’ background or have geographic limitation. So people in different ages, in different places, even with physical disability and with low or high educational background can get education only when they are eager for it. While several decades ago, methods to receive education was quite limited, people had no choice but to go to school. Therefore, people are easier to complete self-education.
   To summarize the opinions, going to school is an obligation for all people, receiving good education is a desire for all people and getting educated in advanced knowledge is simply a personal choice for all people, so it’s easier to be well-educated today.

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