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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.03.23写作

托福机经2014.03.23写作
发布时间:2014-04-11 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: 野牛bison数量的下降

Notes

Reading: 

l 1.人们将其作为source of food

l 2.动物之间eg:cattle,horsecompetition of grassland

l 3. 新科技的发展,eg:gun,使其数量减少

Lecture: 反驳

l 1.人是从prairie东部迁徙过去的,但bison decline是从西边开始的,东部也吃牛,但数量未下降

l 2Bison可在寒冷天气下生存,有很厚的fur,可吃雪下面的草而cattlehorse无法在寒冷环境下生存

l 3.过去的枪支也是quick and efficient的,所以不是科技发展所导致野牛的数量下降

Glossary

bison 野牛

habitat 栖息地

fur 皮毛

 

背景知识

美洲野牛是北美洲体型最大的哺乳动物和世界上最大野牛之一。尽管体型庞大,仍可维持60公里的奔跑速度。19世纪初,美国境内的野牛数目大约有6500万头,但自从欧洲人踏上美洲大陆以后,这种大型动物的命运就永远的改变了。以前只有印第安人为了生活必需而捕杀为数不多的野牛。但后来,印第安人开始利用马帮助狩猎,有了这些随着欧洲移民一起进入美洲的强大代步工具,使他们猎杀野牛的能力大大提高。同时,他们也打破了只为肉食而捕猎野牛的传统,每当野牛在冬季换上的优质皮毛的时候,印第安人也会捕杀它们,剥取牛皮来交换更多的欧洲商品。这无疑加大了对野牛族群的压力,但这还并没有对它们构成真正意义上的威胁。直到1870年,当人们发现不仅冬季的皮毛可以用来做衣服,在任何季节的野牛皮也能制成很好的皮革后,猎人们开始大量捕杀野牛。到1872年,仅仅在南部平原就有超过50万头野牛被射杀并剥皮。由于这种猎杀行为迅速蔓延,到1880年几乎所有南部的野牛都被捕杀。而到1890年,美国全境已经只剩下不到1000头美洲野牛了。美洲野牛食草,它们栖息在草原上。结成大群有时上千只进行季节性迁徙。冬季向南方迁移寻找食物更丰盛的地区。春季向北方迁徙。

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Students should take at least

a year to work before beginning college.

【话题提示】

上大学前是否要选择一个gap year,每个人的考虑都会有所不同。当然,这是伴有一定弊端的,学生可能会对已学知识变得生疏起来,重返学校之后不能适应学校生活的节奏,但它同时也可以给学生带来许多好处:休息调整的时间,丰富经历的机会,和认识社会并快速成长的渠道。

 

Sample answer

Taking a gap year has become a popular option for many graduating students. While some people believe that after a year-long break, students will somewhat get disacquainted from the learnt knowledge and suffer a tough time on reviewing the previous lessons, I believe this is only a small price to pay for the reward it earns.
  Firstly, for students who had been busy preparing for the college entrance examination, a gap year is a good chance for them to get refreshed and re-focused. They can slow their pace down and get relaxed. A gap year bursting with travel, adventure and exploration can be fun-filled and intensely memorable especially after three years of hard work in study. Besides, a gap year gives them the time to figure out their future orientation.
  Secondly, taking a gap year can save students money in the long term. A common perception about gap year is that it is only available for wealthy students. However, this is not the case. A gap year enables students to work part time as they travel. There are also a lot of programs that cover the expenses for students who sign up to be volunteers. Normally, students are expected to pick up many valuable social skills during their experiences in travelling or volunteer work, which will all convert into a money-making asset in their future life.
  Thirdly, a gap year serves as a door to the real world for students. During this year, students can participate in many activities and even travel abroad. The firsthand experience of unfamiliar cultures offers profound lessons for curious and motivated young people. The real world and the society is a classroom way bigger than the ones in their schools and promises more knowledge acquired. A year packed with colorful experiences in society can be potentially instructive for them.
Therefore, based on the above reasons, I believe students should take a gap year before college.

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