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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.04.12写作

托福机经2014.04.12写作
发布时间:2014-05-13 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

第一套

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed美国的初级医护人员是否成衰退趋势

Notes

Reading: 

l 医护人员的学费很高。

l 医护人员没有实习机会。

l 医护人员压力很大。

 

Lecture: 

l 有经济辅助,如奖学金,帮助 医护人员偿还货款。

l 有些医院机会少,但有些医院 机会多。三年后会有更多的机会。

l 政府可以出台法令给医护人 员减压而且提供更多的休息。

 

Glossary

tuition fee学费

internship 实习

vacanc职位

 

背景知识补充:

primary care doctor初级护理人员,是美国医疗体系中的一种分类。与医生不同,初级护理人员需要做的工作包括:与尚未诊断就医、却有健康方面困扰的人群保持联系,关注他们在用药方面的情况。

在正式成为一名初级护理人员之前,他们需要先在专门的医科学校修满规定课程,并参与有关初级护理的培训项目。

 

 

Independent writing task

Essay question
Do you agree or disagree: the universities should spend more money improving facilities (libraries, computer labs) than hiring famous teachers.

话题提示

大学应该把更多的钱用于聘请著名教授。

首先,大学培养人才,真正的引导只有老师才能做到。

其次,著名教授除了教书,同时还会进行学术研究,为社会进步做出贡献,而这样的成就能为大学增色。

虽然,硬件设施对大学来说也十分重要,但与著名教授相比,显然对一所大学来说,后者更为关键。

Sample answer

  In the age of rapid development, people today place much more emphasis on education. Universities, in order to be more attractive, have also invested a great deal of money and effort in upgrading facilities. Some have even built new libraries and computer labs to meet students’ demands. This phenomenon triggers a heated discussion about which one universities should spend more money on: improving facilities or hiring famous teachers. From my point of view, professors should be the first priority.
  
  Firstly, students receive education from teachers rather than hardware facilities. Famous professors who are expert in certain fields can provide proper guidance for students. What truly draws to high-quality students is someone who can show them the right way to explore the unknown world. A good case in point is that during World War 2, in order to escape from the Japanese invasion, several top universities in China combined together and relocated to the southwest China. At that time, without advanced facilities, the new university still worked well in fostering plenty of great talents thanks to the efforts of famous professors, which created a miracle in the history of Chinese education.
  
  Secondly, famous professors can add much value to the university with their remarkable contributions. Apart from fostering talents, universities also give impetus to the progress of human beings. It is those scientific and social breakthroughs made by famous professors in a university that dramatically extend people's lives, increase productivity, and improve people's living standards, which at the same time, demonstrates the excellence of the university. To some extent the ranking of a university is measured by the number of published papers by professors in a journal like Nature or Science, as well as how many important awards that professors won for the school such as Nobel Price.
  
  Admittedly, the facilities are also of great importance to a university. It is hard to imagine what a university will be like without those facilities, as they play a basic role in ensuring the function of a university. However, compared with famous professors, facilities are just supporting resources that partly assist professors in carrying out all kinds of works including teaching and researching.
  
  To conclude, we should give more consideration to famous professors than hardware facilities when comes to the issue of allocating the school's budget plan. After all, famous professors are the core of a university.

 

第二套

 

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed电子医药记录利弊

Notes

Reading: 

l 减少开销

l 减少错误

l 帮助研究

 

Lecture: 

l 因为用电子版的医生会有纸质版的备份,在上面还有签名,所以不能减少花销。

l 医生会自己记笔记,然后由其他人员录成电子版。字迹不清楚的就会输错,所以错误很难避免。

l 私人医生有义务保密病人信息,拿来研究违反这一条令。

 

Glossary

electronic medical records 电子医药记录

check-up 检查

interpret解读

violation 违反

confidentiality 保密协议

 

背景知识补充:

电子医药记录(electronic medical records)是最近兴起的新型诊疗记录记载方式。传统的记录以记在纸张上为主。然而,随着电脑应用的全面推广,有人建议医生可以将诊疗记录存档在电脑里,以取代传统的记录方式。

其实在中国,电脑已经开始发挥作用。病人在就医过程中,不难发现,医生除了像以前一样,在病历卡上记录诊断结果、开具处方,他们还会通过电脑输入开出的药方。两种方式对医疗体系来说,都扮演着重要的角色。

 

 

Independent writing task

Essay question
Do you agree or disagree: the opinions of celebrities, such as famous entertainers and athletes, are more important for the young people than they are to the older people.

话题提示

名人对年轻人更重要。

首先,他们能树立好榜样。

其次,他们也更容易使年轻人误入歧途。

Sample answer

  It is believed that celebrities play a critical role in leading the tide of public opinions while it seems that young people are easier to be influenced than older people. Thus, from my perspective, the opinions of celebrities, such as famous entertainers and athletes, are more important for the young people than they are to the older people.

  Opinions from celebrities could have a positive impact on young people. Not having experienced much in their own life, young people may learn a lot from celebrities’ experience, as well as their attitude towards life. As idols, celebrities are more likely to present excellent models for the young since they are appreciated by young people themselves. While on the other hand, what their parents or teachers said might be treated as nagging instructions. However, the older people who are more sophisticated and have already formed their own characters are usually more stubborn to learn from others.
  
  Moreover, due to their lack of mental maturity to follow bad rather than good examples, the younger people, unlike the older people, admire and are inclined to imitate 'notorious' celebrities whose remarks, however out of the common, are readily taken for granted. Today, television and the Internet have generated tremendous exposure for a number of elite stars who stand for partying, drug abuse, drunk driving, rapid marriage and rapid divorce, and on and on. Most teenagers and young adults, who tend to attach importance to celebrities' opinions, actually become other people since their thoughts are celebrities' thoughts spoken in the spotlight. In contrast, the older people are easily getting tired of celebrity overload and do not pay so much attention to scandals.
  
  To do justice to all shining stars in the galaxy of fame, they have the freedom to voice their opinions of whatever kind, so it is up to people both young and old to evaluate what is said and done. But by comparison, celebrities are more important for the younger people. Therefore, it is always advisable for the younger people to learn from the merits but not to follow celebrities' opinions blindly.

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