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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.05.24写作

托福机经2014.05.24写作
发布时间:2014-06-13 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed有袋动物和无袋动物生存力的对比

Notes

Reading: 有袋动物比无袋动物好:

l 有袋动物在育儿袋里器官发育得不如无袋动物好,而且免疫系统有缺陷

l 有袋动物缺乏适应环境的能力

l 有袋动物打不过无袋动物

 

Lecture: 反驳

l 育儿袋里的宝宝能够得到保护,而且在育儿袋里喝奶成长免疫系统也会正常

l 有袋动物体温低是一种产期进化的过程,温度低可以节省体力系消耗

l 澳大利亚的有袋动物和无袋动物共存了数百万年,而且大部分情况有袋动物更有优势

 

Glossary

marsupial 有袋动物

pouch 育儿袋

placenta胎盘

 

背景知识补充:

有袋动物(marsupial)是哺乳纲后兽亚纲所有动物的总称。世界上现有240种左右的有袋动物,分为负鼠科、袋鼬科、袋鼹科、袋狸科、新袋鼠科、袋貂科、袋熊科、袋鼠科等十多个科,其中有170种左右生活在澳大利亚及其附近岛屿,如袋鼠,树袋熊等,澳大利亚是名副其实的“有袋类动物之国”。另外,有70种左右的有袋动物生活在南美洲的草原地带,如负鼠等。

有袋动物通过自己的育儿袋(pouch)来哺育动物宝宝,它们的生存区域一般而言比较集中。而另一类动物则是通过胎盘(placenta)来孕育宝宝。胎儿在子宫中发育,依靠胎盘从母体取得营养,而双方保持相当的独立性。

WRITING SECTION

Independent writing task

Essay question

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is important for government to provide money for things that are beautiful not just for things that are practical.

话题提示

 

Sample answer

  People always argue that it is more important for government to spend money on things that are practical than spend the money for things that are beautiful. Admittedly, the major function of the government is to provide its citizens with safety, healthcare and education. However, those fantastic eye-catching projects are not necessarily unpractical. In fact, they can actually bring innumerable benefits to the country and worth the trouble. Therefore, I totally believe that providing money for things that are beautiful could be a good idea.
  
  In the first place, beautiful things boost the national income. The recent decades has enjoyed a surge of majestic mansions and skyscrapers on a global scale. They are pleasing to the eye and practical in use, and moreover, they might bring huge economic benefits. Sydney Opera House, the most famous architectures in the world, has been a representative of Australia as the pyramids are of Egypt, which attracts tens of thousands of tourists from home and abroad annually. According to an estimate that every year the Sydney Opera House contributes 775 billion Australian dollars to the national economy in tourist industry. With such immense contribution, no one can undermine the importance of the construction of the Sydney Opera House.
  
  In the second place, fantastic eye-catching projects are not necessarily useless. Maglev train is considered to be a remarkable milestone in the transportation history. The sleek design and fast speed enable it to be as eye-catching as any other landmarks in the rest of the world. Maglev train moves more smoothly and somewhat more quietly than conventional trains. Their non-reliance on traction and friction means that acceleration and deceleration can surpass that of wheeled transports, and they are unaffected by weather. Unlike any old trains, this new train doesn’t ride on the tracks, but makes use of the magnetic repulsion to glide or float above the tracks. It requires less maintenance work and has lower ongoing costs since the train and the tracks do not touch and rub each other. Although it is very expensive to construct the Maglev train, the construction and the operation of Maglev train created many jobs and this is totally good for the people. With many advantages, it best demonstrates the combination of beauty and practicality.
  
What has been discussed above points to the fact that beautiful things can be as useful as practical things and have many merits. It is important for government to provide money for things that are beautiful not just for things that are practical.

 

 

 

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