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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.06.29写作

托福机经2014.06.29写作
发布时间:2014-09-18 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: how to address the decline of aquatic life

Notes

Reading: 

l 禁止捕捉螃蟹

l 可引入oyster来解决疾病问题

l 教育农民少用化肥

Lecture: 

l 这个做法专业渔民不会接受

l Oyster可能会带来新的疾病,有潜在的风险

l 人太多面积太广,做法不现实

Glossary

Fertilizer 肥料

Oyster牡蛎

 

背景知识补充:

人们向来以为海洋有取之不尽用之不竭的鱼资源,然而日前两份报告指出,过度捕鱼已耗尽某些大海中的鱼类,并导致其他鱼类挨饿和变弱,长远来说对人类只有坏处。

世界海洋保护组织在《饥饿海洋报告》中指出,一些经常成为富人盘中餐的鱼类如鲑鱼和鲔鱼已被过度捕捞,现在轮到这些食肉鱼类常吃的饵料鱼类面对被人类捕捞的压力。   撰写这份报告的主要作者斯泰尔斯说:“我们捕捞了所有的大鱼,现在我们捕捞它们的食物了。我们在偷窃海洋鱼类的食物供应,这些鱼类是我们过去不吃的鱼。”

《饥饿海洋报告》说,为了协助扭转这种不利情况,渔业必须设定严格的捕捞限制,避免在某些濒临绝种鱼类的生殖区捕鱼,让大海中的饵料鱼类和食肉鱼类的数量回升。

Independent writing task

Essay question

To remain happy and optimistic when you fail is more important than achieving success.

【话题提示】

第一, 乐观的态度比简单的成功快乐更宝贵

第二, 什么是成功。成功应该是不断的自我进步,并非一定是把别人比下去。那么,为失败而气馁当然是没有必要的。因为每次失败都是进步的开始,实则应该高兴

Sample answer

Be it the CEO of a company or president of a country, everyone will inevitably encounter failure at least once or twice in his entire life. It is therefore more critical for us to learn the proper attitude to address failure rather than blindly pursue success.
        First of all, the cultivation of optimism far outweighs the happiness brought by success. Being happy when you achieve success is a human instinct whereas being happy even after a crushing defeat or failure is a completely different story. Gold medal Olympic winners, such as Liu xiang, bring success and glory to their countries and themselves with his outstanding performance in the track and field competition. However, after his ankle injury, Liu was forced to quit racing temporarily. Ankle injury, as everyone can imagine, could very probably bring an end to his future Olympic achievement and be a fatal frustration for any runners. Instead of giving up, Liu responded to this crisis with optimism, persisting in his treatment and rehab program.
        Secondly, the blind pursuit of success is a behavior to be condemned. Needless to say, modern society has been too success-oriented. Despite the fact that success itself has nothing wrong inherently. Contemporary people have such over-obsession with success that they have little toleration for failure.  Parents send their children to the top-notch universities, anxious for their future career success; Students toil over their homework and piles of textbooks, all endeavoring to be No. 1 in their academic performance. It is rare to see someone that doesn’t crave for success. In this national or even global mania with success, what we urgently need is to stop to rescrutinize the definition and true value of “success” and “failure”. Popular perception about success is outcompeting one’s counterparts by all means, whereas I believe, the ultimate definition of success should be self-improvement and making constant progresses. If so, people should not be disappointed at some pitfalls and setbacks they encounter, for they are all stepping-stones leading to a better “you”.
        To conclude, failure does not necessarily represent shame and suggests that you are a loser. Instead, it enhances your abilities and better prepares you for a more fulfilling life. What’s more, the attitude of optimism is a lifelong asset that you can pick up from past experiences of failure.

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