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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.07.06写作

托福机经2014.07.06写作
发布时间:2014-09-23 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: the disappearance of dodo.

Notes

Reading: human actions 

l Early Dutch settlers hunted dodo for food 

l Human deforested the land for farming and destroyed dodo’s natural habitats.

l Outsiders brought a disease that killed out dodo.

Lecture: 反驳

l Human didn’t hunt for dodo because its meat is tough and bad-tasting.

l Human did clear the forest but dodos were unharmed because dodos were flightless and built their nests on the ground.

l It was nature that wiped out dodo. There were massive cyclones that struck the island many times before human arrived.

 

Glossary

dodo 渡渡鸟

wipe out 去除

massive大规模的

cyclones暴风

 

背景知识

渡渡鸟,或作嘟嘟鸟(Dodo),又称毛里求斯渡渡鸟、愚鸠、孤鸽,是仅产于印度洋毛里求斯岛上一种不会飞的鸟。这种鸟在被人类发现后仅仅82年的时间里,便由于人类的捕杀和人类活动的影响彻底绝灭,堪称是除恐龙之外最著名的已灭绝动物之一。也是毛里求斯唯一被定为国鸟的已灭绝鸟类。

谚语:as dead as a dodo

中国有句成语叫心如死灰,以形容失望伤心到了极点。然而汉朝韩安国证明了死灰是可以复燃的,那么什么东西才是真正死透了的呢?英国人的答案是:dodo

dodo看来呆气十足,它还有另一个意思——笨蛋。这种笨鸟大约十八世纪末叶绝了种,只留下as dead as a dodo这个英文成语,意思是死透了早就过时了

e.g. That hairstyle is as dead as a dodo now(那种发式早就没有人梳了)。

补充:as dead as a dodosafe and sound一样,是个押头韵的短语,所以读来朗朗上口,也就难怪会流传甚广了吧。

 

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: People should take time to relax with hobbies or physical activities that are different from what they do in work.

【话题提示】

一、有益工作,帮助创新

二、帮助缓解压力

三、结识更多的人,丰富生活

 

Sample answer

In this increasingly competitive society, it is generally agreed that people should spend more time in learning new skills, particularly those related to what people do at work. However, when it comes to the issue of whether people should take time to relax with hobbies or physical activities that are different from what they do, opinions may sometimes diverge. From my perspective, people should pursue an extensive range of interests, no matter what their professions are.
Firstly, jointing work with entertainment can improve people’s professional skills and develop their innovation. It is well known that Apple made its name for the notable beauty in its typography, which was later copied by Windows and found wide application in most personal computers. But for his intense interest in calligraphy and effort in learning it in his spare time, Steve Jobs could never have designed the exceptionally beautiful typography. Although calligraphy, a completely irrelevant hobby, appeared to be of no use at first sight, it played a vital role in the long run.
Secondly, separating professions from leisure activities will definitely release the sustained pressure people build up occasionally during work. Supposing you work as a computer programmer during the day, you might be inclined to relax by playing computer games at night. While computer games can indeed be relaxing, doing some physical activities might be better. Sports can have unexpected benefits for your work. Regular exercise will counter the muscle-wasting, posture-destroying effects of sitting in front of a computer the whole day. After all, nothing could be achieved in your work without a healthy body.
Thirdly, pursuing activities unrelated to your work can help you meet interesting people you wouldn't meet otherwise. It can be easy to get sucked into a certain world if your career is very specialized. If you're a lawyer, for example, you will probably spend a lot of time socializing with other lawyers. But meeting people outside your profession can be refreshing. I have a friend who used to be a lawyer, but switched to a career in art after spending some time with artists at a local art studio. She was inspired to learn about art and started her own art gallery. In this way, pursuing something unrelated to work enriched her life immensely.
Admittedly, knowledge is important to everyone and people should always be in pursuit of professional skills, but we cannot deny that hobbies or physical activities are also an essential part of our life. Not only do these activities provide us innovations, they also build our body, enrich our lives and allow us to become better-rounded individua
ls. 

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