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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.07.12写作

托福机经2014.07.12写作
发布时间:2014-09-23 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussed: how to eliminate rootworns

Notes

Reading:人类活动

l 杀虫剂杀害幼虫

l 提前种corn, 这样虫吃的时候就不想吃过分成熟的corn

l 每年在土地上中不同的东西。Eg:本来中corn的土地上种soy

Lecture: 反对

l 杀虫剂可以杀死大部分,但小部分会存活。产生抗药性并繁殖,数量反会更多。

l 提前种植corn会遇上cold weathersnowstorm,对于农民而言,损失和被害虫侵害一样

l Rootworm是可以等到第二年在孵出的,完全可以等到第二年种植corn的时候

Glossary

Pesticide 杀虫剂

Rootworm 根虫

Resistant 有抵抗性的

 

背景知识补充:

一种药剂,往往刚开始使用时,杀虫效果很好,但随着用量不断增加和使用范围不断扩大,抗药性上升的案例不断出现。这其实是因为害虫产生抗药性,就是能够忍耐杀死正常种群中大部分个体的药量并在其种群中发展起来的能力。

其实,自然界害虫种群中本来就存在对农药敏感程度不同的个体。杀虫剂的使用过程,实际上是杀虫剂对昆虫种群起选择作用的过程。每使用一次杀虫剂,就会留下相对抗药的个体,杀死相对敏感的个体,经历优胜劣汰之后,也使得害虫群体抗药性水平有所提高。

 

 

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should take several different kinds of job before they take a career in a long term.

【话题提示】

第一, 接触了更多工作才能知道自己最爱及最适合的工作。

第二, 做不同的工作可以长知识,锻炼个人能力

Sample answer

The younger generation is now offered with a wide array of choices when it comes to career selection. A common dilemma is whether to take many different jobs before they take a lifelong one. While some graduates may jump to pursue their ideal career without hesitation, the other option, which is to take some other jobs for a start, seems to be more appealing and rewarding.

Firstly, working experience of diversified jobs facilitates future career orientation. Frequently, students who have just graduated from university have no clear clue about the required skills and different tasks associated with a certain job. Taking a profession as a teacher demands in-depth academic knowledge, great patience and scientific teaching methods; whereas a job as an accountant may require ability to handle complicated figures and even a good command at computer. Only by familiarizing oneself with different jobs can people be capable of making reasonable decisions about the job he prefers to do in the long run. My sister Lucy is a case in point. She started her first job as a white-collar worker in Human Resources department in a renowned cosmetic company. This job didn’t meet her expectation and then she decided to quit, becoming a civil servant at local government months later. Again, it wasn’t long before her resignation and finally found a job she loves and suits as a kindergarten teacher. Life is not a straight-line path, but a road full of twists and turns. It always takes some detours and time for us to find the right path and the most suitable job.

Secondly, taking different jobs before a taking a long-term career is enrichment to one’s experience and improvement of his personal ability. Being  a tour guide broadens one’ s horizon and knowledge about different culture; being a IT worker enhances one’ s ability to cope with all kinds of tricky computer problems; being a waitress or waiter polishes one’s patience and people skills, especially how to deal with angry customers who come to make a complaint. Modern society has great appetite for comprehensive talents. All the abovementioned skills acquired during different jobs make an applicant or job-seeker more competitive and qualified.

For the above reasons and consideration, I believe that taking several different kinds of job before one takes a career in a long term is a wise option

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