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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.08.16写作

托福机经2014.08.16写作
发布时间:2014-09-28 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussedSpecies Substitution

Notes

Reading: 

Species Substitution的方法不靠谱

l 1. 生态系统本身能保持平衡,没必要引进新物种

 

l 2. 新引进的物种变得侵略性invasive

 

 

l 3.引入新的物种后,如果它们变得危险,人们很难移除remove这些物种。

 

Lecture: 

Species Substitution是个好方法

l 1.只有grassland能平衡,其他的生态系统不会平衡。比如一个海岛上的海龟,它们灭绝了,岛的生态系统会很严重的破坏

l 2. 新引入的物种不会invasive。新引入的物种和灭绝的物种很相似related,其对环境变化敏感,不会造成威胁

l 3.大多数引入的都是large animals,它们有自己的习惯,生态系统中主要角色central roles,很容易就被移走了。

 

Glossary

Invasive 入侵

Independent writing task

Essay question

A/D: The most important investment for a big company is to improve the efficiency and proficiency of its employees. 2011.8.20NA

话题提示

Sample answer

There are a lot of things that companies can do to make their business more successful. I think the most important way for a company to generate a lot more business and profit is to invest in the training of their employees in matters of efficiency and proficiency.

To say it simply, by investing more in improving the efficiency and proficiency of its employees, a big company can gain more dollars. It is because the employees' working efficiency increases productivity and their functional proficiency upgrades quality. Productivity and quality are essential to the game of business. On the one hand, efficiency means you can successfully complete a task using the existing time and material to the best advantage. On the other hand, proficiency means you are skilled after training in a certain area. From a business' point of view, investment in improving employees' efficiency and proficiency is money well spent since it is the right way to keep the competitive edge in a market that is becoming increasingly global.

In addition, investments made by a big company to improve the efficiency and proficiency of its employees would gradually bear fruits. If not, chances are that the company would lose money along with fame due to the lack of efficiency and proficiency of its employees. For example, I know that when computers were first introduced into my father’s company, many employees did not know how to use them. The documents produced were error-filled and unusable. So my father’s company paid for IT people to come and train the employees. The IT training was expensive, but by the end of the year the employees had become masters of the computer and were working twice as fast.

Then, it goes without saying that employees would feel rewarded and do their best if they could receive financial incentives for being more efficient; and, likewise, they would feel happy if they could get free pre-job and on-job training programs and become more proficient at work. The more competent and better trained a company’s employees are, the less likely they will make errors in their work.

When efficiency meets proficiency, a company can manage to survive and thrive. Accordingly, it is important for a company to invest constantly by maintaining an efficient and proficient workforce on the payroll.

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