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昂立教育 > 托福机经 > 写作 > 托福机经2014.10.26写作

托福机经2014.10.26写作
发布时间:2014-11-26 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

WRITING SECTION

Integrated writing task

Topic discussedFrog Distinction

Notes

Reading: 

组织青蛙濒临灭绝的措施

l 1.禁止农民使用杀虫剂(prohibition of using pesticides)。

l 2. 让青蛙接受治疗(large-scale treatment)。

l 3. 保护湿地和湖泊,改变人类的行为(control the decline of water habitats)。

 

Lecture: 

这些措施不一定有用

l 1. 禁用农药对庄稼不理。首先,如果禁用农药,对农民不公平;其次,禁用农药会导致经济损失。

l 2. 这种治疗必须单独给每只青蛙注射,这方法既昂贵又复杂;其次,对后代没有影响,青蛙的后代们需要重新接受治疗。

l 3. 湖泊和湿地的减少不是因为人类的行为而是因为气候变暖,因此,单纯的改变人类行为不一定能改善青蛙的状况。

 

Glossary

 

 

 

青蛙已经在地球生活超过2亿5千万年,并演化成为世上最奇妙多变的生物。现在它们面临跟恐龙一样的大灭绝威胁。这个环境危机不只在我们的后院上演,从澳洲到南、北美洲等地也都出现同样情形。在青蛙叫声曾经响彻云霄的地区,科学家现在只听见一片寂静。生态系统逐渐崩解,重要医疗解方也遍寻不着。一种名为壶菌(chytrid)的真菌是造成青蛙消失的最大元凶,但目前还没有办法遏止壶菌的杀伤力。在巴拿马中部,为了拯救青蛙,生物学家带它们撤离森林。现在研究机构中收容了58种青蛙,包括世上最罕见的品种。在巴拿马运河南部的一小片森林,青蛙似乎都很健康,不受壶菌影响。但问题是这能持续多久?

 

同时,一项新研究结果显示,为满足人类饮食消费需求,在全球范围内盛行的青蛙腿贸易正在严重威胁到青蛙的生存,让它们面临着日益严重的灭绝危机。这项新研究由一个国际专家团队开展,其中包括了阿德莱德大学、纽芬兰纪念大学、新加坡国立大学以及哈佛大学的研究人员。

 

 

研究人员表示,目前全球对于青蛙的捕杀状况以及野生青蛙数量的减少问题已经越来越严重,这与对于海洋过度开发以及随后“连锁反应”造成的全球海洋渔业崩溃问题如出一辙。

 

 

因此,研究人员呼吁对于捕获青蛙活动必须实施强制性的认证审核,以此来加强管理和监测,以达成可持续发展的野生青蛙捕获战略。

 

 

来自阿德莱德大学的生态学副教授盖蒂·布拉德肖表示,现在青蛙腿早已不只是一道法式美味。“事实上,青蛙腿在生活中随处可见,欧洲学校食堂里、亚洲的夜市小吃摊位上、世界各地的高级餐厅里……青蛙腿已经成为了人们常见的一道美食。”盖蒂·布拉德肖副教授来自地球与环境科学学院,同时还被聘为南澳大利亚研究与发展研究所(SARDI)的高级科学家。

 

 

“由于疾病、栖息地大量丧失、气候变化等原因,两栖动物已经成为至今评估受到生存威胁最大的动物物种。而人类对于它们大腿肉的青睐显然更加快了它们的灭绝进程。”

 

 

据统计,因人类饮食消费所需,全球青蛙贸易在过去的20年中每年至少增长了2亿只,每年估计有10亿只青蛙被人类捕食。而这还只是统计了那些正规被计入全球贸易评估数字的部分,还有更多违规和非法的青蛙捕杀及贸易尚未计算在内。

 

 

印度尼西亚是目前全球最大的青蛙出口国,而其国内市场青蛙的交易量更是其出口数量的2-7倍。

 

布拉德肖副教授表示:“目前,青蛙腿全球市场已经从过去季节性、地方性消费发展成为了全年性、国际性贸易。但各地对于青蛙的捕获方式似乎与海洋渔业模式如出一辙——数量大量减少导致欧洲和北美地区的最初市场倒塌,继而危机转向印度和孟加拉国。而现在青蛙贸易最繁盛的印度尼西亚也最有可能成为下一个因青蛙过度捕杀灭绝而面临崩溃的市场。”

 

 

研究人员一致强调:“对于野生物种捕获的监测和管理数据严重缺乏——这是目前政府最需要填补的缺口。”

 

 

 

Independent writing task

Essay question

A/D: As modern life becomes more complex, it is essential for young people to have the ability to plan and organize. 2009.12.5ML

话题提示

 

Sample answer

Currently, a controversial issue over whether it is necessary for the young to gain the ability to plan and organize because of the increasing complexity of the modern society has brought into the spotlight. Some may advocate that there is no need for the young to master the skills concerning plan and organization since most of them deal with things at will. However, I disagree with this point and I believe that facing with the complex and complicated society, we must obtain the ability to plan and organize.

 

First and foremost, for the youth, being capable of planning and organizing is beneficial for them to become more efficient so as to cope with more things during the same period. As we all know, after graduation, most of us want to be offered a decent and suitable job. However, within thousands of candidates, how can you become remarkable enough to be chosen from eventually?  Definitely, the answer is that compared with others, you must finish a large amount of tasks assigned by the manager efficiently and effectively during the limited time. Furthermore, in order to complete tasks with high efficiency, it is crucial for us to develop the plan and organize skills such as writing the most important thing and the least significant things in order, making a schedule for one day from 7.am to 9.am as well as leaving some extra time ahead to deal with something beyond prediction. As a result, mastering such kind of skills, we can handle our work in an organized and efficient way.

 

On the other hand, for the youth, the ability of planning and organizing acts as an irreplaceable contributor for them to realize their initiative dreams. Considering that confronted with the modern society which is occupied with a large amount of troubles and difficulties for the youth, few of us will stick to our original goals and devote ourselves to struggling for it. Nevertheless, with a blueprint for the whole life and the detailed steps organized and planned by ourselves from a young age, we may have enough confidence and practical method to stick the original aims and accumulate the valuable experience to achieve the final success. According to a research conducted by a panel of expert in the USA among a group of students graduated from the Harvard universities, an obvious conclusion is revealed that most of the successful people among these students are those who are excellent in planning and organizing.

 

Taking into consideration of all the factors, we may reach a conclusion that it is significant for us to master the planning and organization skills.

 

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