|2016 SAT阅读改革 不仅要选对 更要问出处|
Sat改革一直是大家最近所关注的，这篇博客给大家带来改革的一大变化“command of evidence”
学生分析文章的能力，以及如何在文章中找到证据支持自己观点的能力，对于美国大学学习和将来的职业生涯中都是必不可少的。此次SAT改革也将重点放在这种能力上，现在的阅读叫: Evidence-Based Reading，学生不但要有阅读理解能力，选择出正确答案，还要从文章里找到证据，支持自己的答案。【SAT培训】而在writing section学生首先要理解文章意思，而且还要根据文章后面的图标，来分析事实，判断是否与文章中的意思相符，以此来做出选择。考察学生能否客观分析数据。总得来讲，这两大变化都是为了检验学生是否具备critical thinking的能力。
The pair of questions is based on a passage from a text in the Great Global Conversation.
. . . The North Carolina ratification convention: “No one need be afraid that officers who commit oppression will pass with immunity.”“Prosecutions of impeachments will seldom fail to agitate the passions of the whole community,” said Hamilton in the Federalist Papers, number 65. “We divide into parties more or less friendly or inimical to the accused.” I do not mean political parties in that sense. The drawing of political lines goes to the motivation behind impeachment; but impeachment must proceed within the confines of the constitutional term “high crime[s] and misdemeanors.” Of the impeachment process, it was Woodrow Wilson who said that “Nothing short of the grossest offenses against the plain law of the land will suffice to give them speed and effectiveness. Indignation so great as to overgrow party interest may secure a conviction; but nothing else can.” [. . .]
Adapted from a speech delivered by Congresswoman Barbara Jordan of Texas on July 25,1974, as a member of the Judiciary Committee of the United States House of Representatives.
1. In lines 49-54 (“Prosecutions . . . sense”), what is the most likely reason Jordan draws a distinction between two types of “parties”?
A) To counter the suggestion that impeachment is or should be about partisan politics
B) To disagree with Hamilton’s claim that impeachment proceedings excite passions
C) To contend that Hamilton was too timid in his support for the concept of impeachment
D) To argue that impeachment cases are decided more on the basis of politics than on justice
2. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
A) Lines 13-17 (“It . . . office”)
It is wrong, I suggest, it is a misreading of the Constitution for any member here to assert that for a member to vote for an article of impeachment means that that member must be convinced that the President should be removed from office.
B) Lines 20-24 (“The division . . . astute”)
The division between the two branches of the legislature, the House and the Senate, assigning to the one the right to accuse and to the other the right to judge—the framers of this Constitution were very astute.
C) Lines 55-58 (“The drawing . . . misdemeanors”)
The drawing of political lines goes to the motivation behind impeachment; but impeachment must proceed within the confines of the constitutional term “high crime[s] and misdemeanors.”
D) Lines 65-68 (“Congress . . . transportation”)
Congress has a lot to do: appropriations, tax reform, health insurance, campaign finance reform, housing, environmental protection, energy sufficiency, mass transportation.
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