听力原文
Multiple Choice:Q11-15
     

W: Tomas, because you are a lawyer, I want to get you opinion about crime control, and what I’d like to know is what do you think really works, not for hardened criminals, but for first time offenders?
M: Well, you are asking me a pretty complex question. The first step of course is deterrence, to stop people from committing crimes in the first place. That involves the economy, are there enough jobs for everyone? They should be, and social structure. Are there enough support systems? And so on.
W: And what about when people are convicted, and put in Prison?
M: Then the goal should be to have rehabilitation programs inside prisons, so that when the person comes out, they don’t return to a life of crime. The problem is that recently, the kinds of programs that existed in the past, like education programs and drug treatment programs have been cut. And so convicted criminals are not being rehabilitated.
W: Can you explain a little more about these education programs and drug programs?
M: Yes, in some states where the drug laws are very harsh, you end up having a lot of people in prisons, who are not the kingpins of drug deals, but who are actually drug addicts. The point is that they need help, that’s why there need to be programs that have a psychological component, and an educational component. Because without these programs people don’t became rehabilitated. The prisoners have a lot of time on their hands, and a culture developed inside the prison; it takes on a life of its own, and gang start. You see gangs provide a family away from home, but we need to make prison a less repressive experience. Then we also need bridge programs.
W: Bridge programs?
M: Yes, for when they come out of prison, what is clear statistically is that most criminals are recidivists. That means they are repeated offenders. People go into prison, get out and go right back in again. Bridge programs help with housing and jobs. So that society doesn’t look at released prisoners in such a disdainful way. And So that no stigma is attached to them once they reenter society. But unfortunately, there are only a very small number of these programs.

Question 11: On what topic is the man being interviewed?
Question 12: According to the man, there are several elements which are related to abduction in crime, which of the following is not one of these elements?
Question 13: What problem is there inside prisons according to the interview?
Question14: Which of the following statements is true about education and drug programs?
Question15: According to the man, why is there a need for bridge programs?