词汇,不少同学认为词汇是英语中最简单的部分,一个一个背下来就好了……其实不然,英语中的词汇不仅仅包括一个个的单词,还包括由单词衍生出来的多种多样的词组,不少词组的含义与核心词的含义相去甚远,本专题节选张梦琳老师提供的四六级听力必备词汇中的部分单词,列举出相关应用词组与解释供同学们参考。如有疏漏之处,欢迎同学们指正。
   
四级词汇备考冲刺心得谈
  词汇对于英语学习的重要性,在这里不再赘述了。总之一句话,要想学好英语,要想顺利通过各种英语考试,积累一定量的词汇都是必须的,这点毋庸质疑……

 

     
相关专题链接: 【四六级作文实战演练】
【四六级语法实战演练】
make sense 词汇详解
bring to one's senses 使头脑正常[清醒过来],开导某人,使醒悟

come to one's senses 恢复理性,苏醒

frighten [scare] sb. out of his senses 吓得某人魂不附体……
regardless of 词汇详解

In spite of 不管:

With no heed to 不顾:

regardless of 不管[顾], 不注意

 
out of order 词汇详解
in order 按照顺序; 挨次;整齐; 整洁;恰当, 正确; 符合程序

in order that ... 为了..., 目的在于...

in order to 为了(做某事), 以便(做某事)……
take charge of 词汇详解

have (the) charge of 负责..., 主管...

in charge 主管, 负责, 掌管;在...管辖之下, 由...照顾;在拘留中

in charge of 负全责, 经管, 照顾;在...掌管之下, 由...经管

 
rule out 词汇详解
To prevent; preclude 避免;排除在外

To remove from consideration exclude 不考虑;排除出去

Be here at noon without fail. 一定在正午时到这里……
traffic jam 词汇详解

be jammed for time 匆匆忙忙

be jammed in 陷入窘境

be jammed with (people) 拥挤; 挤满了(人)

 
without fail 词汇详解
without fail

With no chance of failure: 一定,必定:没有失败的可能:

frighten [scare] sb. out of his senses 吓得某人魂不附体……
with a grain of salt 词汇详解

with a grain of salt

With reservations; skeptically: 半信半疑地:有保留地;怀疑地:

Take that advice with a grain of salt. 半信半疑地接受建议……

 
under the weather 词汇详解
make heavy weather of

To exaggerate the difficulty of something to be done. 夸大困难

Somewhat indisposed; slightly ill. 有些不舒服;微病……
thannks to 词汇详解

no thanks to

Without the benefit of help from: 不受益于:

thanks to……

 
take advantage of 词汇详解
take advantage of

To put to good use; avail oneself of: 利用:很好地使用;利用:

to advantage……
result from 词汇详解

as aresult 因此; 结果

as a result of 作为...的结果; 由于...

bring about [yield] good results 得到好结果[好成绩]

 
out of stock 词汇详解
in stock

Available for sale or use; on hand. 能被出售或使用的;手头的

out of stock……
out of breath 词汇详解

in one breath或in the same breath

At or almost at the same time. 同时,立刻:在或几乎在同时

out of breath

 
on purpose 词汇详解
on purpose

Intentionally; deliberately. 故意地;有意地

to good purpose……
lay off 词汇详解

lay about

To strike blows on all sides. 向四面八方打击

lay aside……

 
hear from 词汇详解
hear from

To get a letter, telephone call, or transmitted communication from.收到…的来信、电话或传达来的信息

To be reprimanded by: 受到批评:……
deal with 词汇详解

make a deal with与... 做成一笔交易;与...达成协议

do a deal with与... 做成一笔交易;与...达成协议

deal in 从事于;经营, 做...买卖;分给(某人)一份

 
concentrate on 词汇详解
concentrate on 集中在;专心于

concentrate upon 集中在;专心于

concentrate troops 集结军队……
apply for 词汇详解

apply for 申请; 请求, 接洽

be applied to 适用于, 应用于, 施加于, 用来表示, 与...接触

apply oneself to 致力于, 集中精力做某事

 
 
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