昂立教育 > 新闻中心 > 学院新闻 > 昂立雅思名师豆大洋丨碰见雅思大作文,我该怎么办?

昂立雅思名师豆大洋丨碰见雅思大作文,我该怎么办?

发布时间:2019-06-13 作者:昂立外语 来源于:昂立外语网站
  

很多烤鸭学生都会很头疼,前有小作文的刁难,后有大作文的折磨,每次考完写作,

都像是蜕了一层皮。那今天我们就先来看看如何搞定大作文吧~

 

篇幅的关系,今天不会唠嗑完全部,后续文章还请继续关注我们的“昂立常春藤教育”

公众号哦~

 

 

咳咳,废话不多说,就让我们开始吧!

豆大洋

昂立雅思项目部主任 

英国南安普顿大学硕士。熟悉各类应试、留学考试。在教学过程中,通过自己的努力

希望让孩子享受英语学习,将英语的学习、使用、积累当作自己生活中的一部分,而

不仅仅只是应对考试。同时,也会在教学过程中尽量穿插一些课外小知识,比如其他

国家的本土文化,社会习俗等等,从不同方面拓展学生对于英语或者英语国家的了解。

 

座右铭:Love, Endurance, Peace, Humble & Obedience.

 

说到想玩转雅思大作文,首先我们要先弄清楚大作文的类型有哪些,这个问题我们纵

观历年雅思真题得知,比如:

01

给出一种观点的同意与否类,提问方式为:To what extent do you agree or di-

sagree with?

 

e.g.Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a com-

pulsory part of high school programmes (for example working for a charity,

 improving the neighbourhood or teaching sports to younger children.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?  (9 T2)

 

02

给出两种对立观点的讨论类,提问方式为:Discuss both views and give your own

 opinion.

 

e.g.Some people think that all university students should study whatever they

 like. Others believe that they should only be allowed to study subjects that will

 be useful in the future, such as those related to science and technology.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion. 10 T2

 

03

分析优缺点的利弊类,提问方式为:Do you think the advantages/ benefits outw-

eigh its disadvantages/problems?

 

e.g.Many museums charge for admission while others are free. Do you think the

 advantages of charging people for admission to museums outweigh the disadva-

ntages?10 T4

 

04

提出一个现象,要求考生分析其原因、结果和解决方法,问题内容一般是提问某个问题的原因

causes+结果(results)或者原因(causes+解决办法(solutions

 

 

e.g.As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction

 is an important element of individual wellbeing. What factors contribute to job sa-

tisfaction? How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers? 7

T3

 

e.g.In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of

health and fitness are decreasing. What do you think are the causes of these problems

 and what measures could be taken to solve them? 8 T4

 

 

今天,就让我们看一看第一种,给出一种观点的同意与否类。我们将从“起承转合”四个方面去

展开讲解。

起:

开头introduction部分,我们可以将作文的已给要求自己手动稍微修改一下,以上文提到的题

目为例,

 

原文:Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a compulsory

part of high school programmes (for example working for a charity, improving the

neighbourhood or teaching sports to younger children).

 

修改后:It is believed that the voluntary community service must be the  obligatory

process during high school education, for instance serving in charity and community

 unpaid. From my perspective, this sort of experience is essential. (Authors opinion)

 

在开头更改引言时,小伙伴们可以进行同义句改写,尽量避免使用已经给出的表达或用法。且在

更改的时候,需要注意以原句为准。同时,需要在该段的最后亮明自己的观点哦,要么同意(a-

gree),要么不同意(disagree),不要选择中立,因为问题是:do you agree or disagree

二选一。

 

承:

承接的body正文部分,根据开头,我们选择的是,同意题干的问题,即:我同意义务为社区提供

服务是高中生活的必要环节。所以在该部分,我需要提出自己的分论点,并且给出支持性的文字解

释。下划线部分为段落主旨句。

 

Unpaid community work, to begin with, actually plays a vital part in high school edu-

cation, helping to release students pressure. (ARGUMENT) Todays high school

education should not be merely circumscribed at stuffing students with knowledge.

 Studying in school virtually takes an extremely big chunk of time. High school stud-

ents are really exhausted. Community service, at this time, could more or less divert

their attention to another field, which could help to alleviate daily school pressure. In

return, after serving in community, they would be better adapted to the new learning

 stage and would obtain greater learning efficiency. (EXPLANATIONS)

 

Furthermore, the experience of work without payment is actually a highlight for stu-

dents to write their resumes when applying to universities. (ARGUMENT) Hence, bei-

ng engaged in community service is not time-wasting at all. Besides in-school aca-

demic performances, top colleges in most countries, attach great importance

 to the practice, such as these unpaid extracurricular activities. Only those well-roun-

ded students would be embraced by the prestigious universities. (EXPLANATIONS)

 

Additionally, the voluntary work is associated with many job principles, which could

 enhance students work adaptation. (ARGUMENT)  The unpaid community service

 programme not only offers students a good opportunity to collaborate in work pr-

ojects, but also provides them with images of future career paths. On one hand,

 these experiences would help to cultivate teamwork spirit. A project can never be

 accomplished without different people fitting their niches. On the other, students

would familiarise themselves with specific work responsibilities and duties in advance.

 It is significant to know whom to liaise with and whom to report to in the work.

 (EXPLANATION)

 

 

此外,在正文部分,观点与观点之间可以进行有效的承接、递进和升华等,使文章看起来结构性

更强一些。

开篇用了to begin with, 讲述了社区服务可以缓解学生的在校学习压力;

第二个观点用了furthermore进一步讨论和解释,社区服务可以为自己之后的大学申请提供优势;

第三个观点用了additionally,中间又用到on one hand & on the other来进行了深挖,谈

义务劳动会给学生带来工作上的优势,比如团队合作技巧和职场工作经验等;

 

转:

本文属于单观点讨论类,从整体结构上来说,并不存在整体的转折讨论部分。这部分在讨论类和利

弊类大作文之间更容易出现。

 

合:

总结自己的观点,此段中切勿出现新的观点。简单概括一下即可,一定要有,否则文章的整体结构将

缺失。

In conclusion, unpaid experience during high school education is definitely crucial and

compulsory.

 

注意

在雅思大essay写作中,语言需要尽量运用formal正式文体拼写,需学术化;

观点不明确,

出现单词之间的缩写,

观点中心思想的重复。

 

烤鸭千千万

在这里,

总有一群人在与你携手并进,

总有一些人在为你加油助威,

总有一种力量在鼓励你前行,

通往梦想的路上并不孤单。

 

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